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Summary: the Victorian Era in British History

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 First, we need to introduce this age the Victorian, and one of the most important point here is (the child) how they live, and why? In addition, we would write some definitions that would help us to understand our tittle here such as, the child labor, manifestation, Victorian poetry. Child labor is essential subject in this age and the effects that happened on these children because of this life that they gave them in this age.

Let us talk about the Victorian in short. The Victorian era, in British history, the period between approximately 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly but not exactly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. While we researched, we found that he powerful points in this age.

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It was a great age with great literature. The literature of the Victorian age was top with two romanticism and was followed by modernism or realism. Victorian also called a fusion of romantic and realist style of writing. Victorian literature was a powerful tool for human in that time. They get the used that if they want to spread idea or convey someone by something or also express their feeling, they would use poetry for that. Poetry was substantial tool for them all. Although characterized as practical and materialistic, the literature of the Victorian age portrays an ideal life.If we talk about another important point in the Victorian age, we would talk about children, especially here the manifestation of the child labour.Manifestation meaning is the public display of emotion or feeling, or something theoretical made real. Manifestation’s origins are in religion and spirituality because if something spiritual becomes real, it is said to be a manifestation. So here, we would talk about the manifestation of the child especially in the Victorian age.

During the Victorian age especially in 1841, poor children were start to work in many places as men and women! They started to work because they wanted to help their parents and to support their families. While I researched about this topic, I found that over 107,000 children British children worked in cotton and textile mills and were the vast majority of employees in this industry. In addition, the three most common employers of children during this era were the textile mills, and coalmines, and many others found employment as chimney sweeps in London and other major cities. The life for them does not hold the real meaning of what the word (life) is; it was a miserable and violent life. The poor child in that time were sad and they did not have a lot of toys that the rich child had, however on the other hand their family life was tighter knit and more loving. Because their child were helping them, all the time and their families feel sorry toward them but they did not have anything to do for them. A nanny mostly raised the rich children, who would teach them what was good for them and what was not. Their days were nothing more than a lonely routine and very formal. They do not have anything to live for it and they do not have the child’s adventure soul that the children usually holds. Their life was so boring. In addition, the wealthy Victorian Children rarely communicated with their parents except for a specified time for them that their nanny told them about it. The family’s connections for them is so weak.

 Winston Churchill once said that he could “count the times he had been hugged by his mother” as a child. Now if we talk about the poor children in that time we would find both the negative and positive sides. They did not have the wormy houses that the rich child had, some of them do not have house at all. This kind of life made close families to the poor children and they were so happy also, they were spend a lot of time with their parents the thing that the rich children do not feel it. Many parents thought of children as income for the family, having more children who worked in that time raised the income of the home, and this is the negative point here because children should not work; this point would make their life in dangerous. There was a link between children in that time and the industrial revolution. 

The Industrial Revolution was a period in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, which had effect on socioeconomic and cultural conditions in Britain. There is no doubt that child in that time would be a part from these miserable effects. There were need more people to work, so they thought of children that they would be an essential part that would help them. We should remember that Child labor had existed before the Industrial Revolution, but with the increase in population, it become more visible. By all the efforts, politicians and the government tried to stop that, but factory owners resisted. In 1833 and 1844, they passed the laws against child labor, the Factory Acts, were passed in England: Children younger than nine were not allowed to work, children were not permitted to work at night. About ten years later, the employment of children and women in mining was forbidden. However this was not enough for all, there were families who wanted from the owners of factories to make their children work and that was because of the Ignorance of the danger of this matter and ignorance of negative effects on children.  

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