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The Cases of Homelessness in Canada

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 As you know that homelessness in Canada is an ongoing social problem that has begun to be a common aspect of our society. This issue seems to affect people of various age groups ranging from homeless minority to senior citizens. The stigma behind homelessness revolves around the idea that homelessness is solely correlated to those individual that is unable to get a job or jobless, because they are labeled as drug addicts or alcohol abusers. Although, there are plenty of contributing factors which includes social class, psychological status, race, age, gender and disability that may play important roles in contributing to homelessness. Individuals who are experiencing lack of security, unaffordable and unsupportive enough place to live in face this issue. As a result, homelessness is visibly seen between those that occupy open and public space to sleep in temporarily. Homelessness is a serious social issue at the same high level as unemployment, violence, crime and the rising cost of food and energy. Homelessness is growing and hardening day by day.

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 Major concern is that our political and business leaders are ignoring this at their peril. It can lead to poor well-being as well. Large number of women are victims of domestic or sexual abuse. It can outburst into mental disorder, migration, social exclusion, prison and disability. It is indicated that approximately 200,000 Canadians experience homelessness each year. In Toronto, Canada around 5000 individuals are experiencing homelessness . Homeless individuals are said to have a high risk of premature death and tend to have increased health care needs as a result of increased rate if illness . Since homeless people's attitudes about healthcare services are influences by whether they feel welcome or unwelcome, it is important that we create a surroundings that is conducive to their healing. This includes approaching homeless individuals with openness, humility and dignity. Utilizing these strategies allows homeless to have a positive opinion about health care workers and thus seek interference when needed. Below, I will be analyzing homelessness as a social problem using the triangle model of social action, which consists of: dominant ideologies, individual beliefs and actions. Under dominant ideologies, I will be discussing the effects of capitalism and classism as a contributing factor to the ever-growing population of homelessness. For individual beliefs, we will look at how the privileged and minoritized, and lastly their relationship to others contribute to homelessness.

First of all, this issue cannot simply be solved without the help and involvement from a wide range of investors which include health professionals, the government, community groups and the homeless people themselves. We as a reader were able to correlate this issue to a wide-ranging spectrum and how this is contributing to society in a negative way. I felt that this article was very in-depth and was strong in representing all of its key arguments. To build a better understanding around the complications of homelessness by taking action in reducing it, as well as improving the quality of life of the homeless people. Throughout this problem, homelessness is broken down into different components which all point back to the significance of health care. Unfortunately, health status decreases in homeless people and is usually not addressed due to their inability to afford care. This source will contribute sufficient evidence to support our social study as we can connect the social problem of homelessness to health as an institution.

Second, in this problem many participant was engaged in an extensive semi-structured interview in order to gain an understanding of the meaning of welcomeness and unwelcomeness in healthcare facilities. The outcome indicates that majority of participants felt unwelcome during health care encounters. Around 13 of the 17 participants felt discriminated against based on their appearance. They often felt ignored, brushed aside, disempowered, and reduced to an object. As a consequence of feeling unwelcome by healthcare workers, participants developed distrust of healthcare workers and thus desired to avoid healthcare facilities at any cost. The result indicated that in order for effective care to be provided for homeless people, the need to create a welcoming environment by healthcare workers is necessary. This can be achieved by adopting behaviours such acceptance, humility and openness. This enables healthcare workers to have a better understanding of the need and concern of homeless individuals and thus allow them to create a welcoming environment. An issue identified in this article is the lack of healthcare workers realization about welcoming and unwelcoming as only the perceptions of homeless individuals are presented.

Lastly, determining the prevalence and characteristics of drug use among homeless individuals and to determine the association between drug problems, physical and mental health status. For example, in the study that the drug problems was measured by assessing the homeless participants using the Addiction Severity Index and the physical and mental health status was measured by using regression analyses. The outcome of single men and less educated individuals was 40% of the sample study had drug problems in the last 30 days and also become homeless at a younger age. The Marijuana and cocaine were the most frequently used drugs in the past two years. The study build a better understanding of what can drugs can do to many individuals. The research shows that drug problems are connected with poor mental health status, but not with poorer physical health status. If we do a extensive action to reduce drug problems, it can prevent the possibility of many individuals to be homeless.

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