The Causes of World War 1


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Henri Barbusse stated, “Two armies that fight each other is like one large army that commits suicide.”, in 1916, Ernest Hemingway said, “Never think that war, no matter how necessary, nor how justified, is not a crime.”. Imagine having more than 2.1 million soldiers leaving away from their family for more than 4 years to defend and fight for their countries, and to have your friends and family feel proud but suddenly you receive a letter saying that your brother, father, husband died as he got shot by the enemies how sad is it, what will your reaction be? The main long term causes of world war 1 were in the word of M.A.I.N, for Militarism, Alliance, Imperialism, Nationalism, people should start to visualize how wars are so hard to confrontation

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There were many factors/events that led up to the start of World War 1, the first factor is The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was heir to the Austrian throne. On June 28, 1914, Franz Ferdinand and his wife were in the car traveling through Sarajevo to the Town Hall. On the way to the Town Hall, On the return trip, the motorcade took a wrong turn. When the driver began to back up, an assassin named Gavrilo Princip happened to be right next to the car. He took advantage of this opportunity and began firing at the Archduke. He fired twice, hitting the Archduke once and his wife Sophie. At the same time, the car sped to the Governor’s residence to get medical help. Unfortunately, Sophie, his wife was dead before they arrived and the Archduke died a few minutes later.

The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Franz Ferdinand was shot by a Serbian man on 28th June 1914 in Bosnia. However, even before this incident, the outbreak of the first world war in 1914 was due to a combination of causes which were the main, long-term causes of World War I was militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism, tensions were high in Europe even before the war started that is because of the alliance system that caused tension in Europe.

Militarism is when a country wants to have a strong army. Before World War I started, militarism caused fear and competition among European countries. For example, the naval race between Britain and Germany. The main event of Militarism causing World War one was the naval rivalry which was made after 1900. Britain had the most powerful navy in the world. The new Keiser Wilhelm announced his intention to build a bigger German navy than Britain. Britain felt very threatened by this. Germany’s navy was much smaller than Britain’s navy but the British army was put all over its colonies so they can be protected. Germany didn’t have a big Empire like Britain but most people agreed, at the time, they were the best trained and the most powerful. The Kaiser felt he needed a bigger navy than Britain to protect its country. While Britain and Germany built up their navies, the major powers on mainland Europe were also building up their armies. Militarism also meant that when Franz Ferdinand was assassinated, countries were ready to fight.

Years before the war started, European countries made alliances with each other. an alliance is an agreement between two or more countries promising to help each other if a war breaks out. This helped to cause World War I because when Austria retaliated against Serbia for shooting the heir to their throne, Russia, who had an alliance with Serbia, declared war on Austria.

Imperialism is when a country takes over other lands and expands its power into a large empire. This caused competition and conflict between many of the countries throughout the world. An example of this is that France and Britain had created large worldwide empires and had become very rich.

Nationalism is that a country thinks they are better than other countries. For example, Serbia wanted to take over Austria-Hungary and the shooting of Franz Ferdinand.

“This is a war to end all wars.” – Woodrow Wilson, 1917. In conclusion, I think the most significant cause of World War One was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other causes of the war were Militarism, Alliances Imperialism, Nationalism. These were the causes of World War One. Also, everyone wanted to be the best country, which links back to all four causes and aspects of the events, It ended on the 11th of November 1918.     

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