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Your genes hold the keys to how your body looks and works. They’re behind everything from your hair color to how you digest your food. So if something goes wrong with them, it can have far-reaching effects. People with Down syndrome are born with an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are bundles of genes, and your body relies on having just the right number of them. With Down syndrome, this extra chromosome leads to a range of issues that affect you both mentally and physically.
Types of Down’s syndrome
There are three types of Down’s syndrome. The first one is that Trisomy 21 . It means there is an extra copy of chromosome 21 in every cell. And this type is the most common form of Down’s syndrome. Second type called Mosaicism. Mosaicism occurs when a child is born with an extra chromosome in some but not all of their cells. People with mosaic Down syndrome tend to have fewer symptoms than those with trisomy 21. The last type of Down’s syndrome is Translocation. In this type of Down syndrome, children have only an extra part of chromosome 21. There are 46 total chromosomes. However, one of them has an extra piece of chromosome 21 attached.
Down’s syndrome symptoms
There are two kind of Down’s syndrome symptoms. First one is physical symptoms. It varies, but people with Down syndrome often share certain physical traits. For facial features, they may have eyes shaped like almonds, flatter faces, small ears, tiny white spots in the colored part of their eyes and a tongue that sticks out of the mouth. At birth, babies with Down syndrome are often the same size as other babies, but they tend to grow more slowly. Because they often have less muscle tone, they may seem floppy and have trouble holding their heads up, but this usually gets better with time. Low muscle tone can also mean babies have a hard time sucking and feeding, which can affect their weight. That was some of physical symptoms. second kind is mental symptoms. Down syndrome also affects a person’s ability to think, reason, understand, and be social. The effects range from mild to moderate. Children with Down syndrome often take longer to reach important goals like crawling, walking, and talking. As they get older, it may take more time before they get dressed and use the toilet on their own. And in school, they may need extra help with things like learning to read and write.
Causes of Down’s syndrome
Down’s syndrome treatment
Early intervention for infants and children with Down syndrome can make a major difference in improving their quality of life. Because each child with Down syndrome is unique, treatment will depend on individual needs. Also, different stages of life may require different services.
Dealing with the patient
People around the patient should provide for them the medical care. The care depends on the age for people with Down’s syndrome. They should take care for the patient what the eat. Patient have to eat a healthy food. It is because they are likely to have a variety of illnesses.
In conclusion, the family and the government should provide the best environment for the patient. The environment should give them chance for getting work to the do not feel they are different then others .