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The Experiences Of Unemployed Young People Or Youth That Is Educated

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The central purpose of this paper is to analyze the experiences of unemployed young people or youth that is educated. Moreover, from the experiences that are experienced by youth, the research will further discovers adolescence agencies and capabilities in order to negotiate challenges of unemployment. One might say, that the main ‘research questions’ which lead the research to accomplish indicated aim is:How do youth individuals that are situated in the urban Johannesburg deal and experience unemployment? To be more clear, one will split the “research question” into below sub-questions:1. What does it mean for someone who does not have a job (or unemployed) from individual personal view point? 2. How young elders/youth who are unemployed discern employment, unemployment causes and employability?3. What are the strategies that unemployed young people have adopted in order to be able to cope being without jobs?

Research design

One could say that since there are research questions in mind to focus on, then one should choose a way on how to examine them. Furthermore, the research questions will be very useful when it comes to analyze how the youth in Kayamandi deal unemployment and experience unemployment, a “qualitative research” method will be used. As Bryman puts it, “qualitative research tends to be concerned with words rather than numbers (2012: 380). That is, the data collected will be in descriptive words. This approach will be suitable for this study since we want to know why and how something happen within the particular society. With this method (qualitative) the clarification of the provided situation, opinions, feelings, and anxiety concerning the unemployment problems will be captured.

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The study of Bryman shows that “the research questions should provide the researcher with a sign of what components require to be sampled. And further explains that research questions give strategies as to what categories of individuals require to be the emphasis of attention and thus sampled (2012: 416).” The number of inhabitants of the research is unemployed youth that is staying in Kayamandi. However, the research focus will be on young people who are educated, so, the samples will be drawn on educated youth that is unemployed (18 – 29 ages) amd their education level ranging from high school accomplishment to the undergraduate (university graduate). The chosen informants or participants will be those “who are applicable to the research questions that are being asked (Bryman 2012: 418).” Hence, this research will use “purposive sampling” in order to choose 15 participants representing differences in unemployment duration, education level, gender and also age composition. What is more, young people who have being unemployed for the period of one to three years will be included.

Five students who completed their matric, five people with college diploma and lastly, five people who graduated from the university will be chosen. This means that in the process of selecting the participants the gender composition and balance in age should be considered.In order to avoided practical problems in the filed work, snowball sampling method will also be used in this research. Smith, Todd and Waldman states that issues usually occur when doing a research (such as people cancelling their interviews or not being able to reach to the participants due to the change of address or sometimes chosen participants might not come at all) and the researcher should be ready for unforeseen occasions (2009: 74). It is very crucial to have emergency strategy in these kind of situations. Therefore, sampled informants will be given a chance to “propose other participants who has the characteristics or experience relevant to the study (Bryman 2012: 424).

To many researchers, according to Bryman, “collection of data is the crucial part in any research project (2012: 12).” The report by Du Plessis, Heinecken, and Olivier reveals that getting a job, according to many people who reside in Kayamandi is “done ehtier through an employment agency in Stellenbosch (Workforce and Stellemploy) or at the Corridor (2012: 24).” Workforce and Stellemply will be contacted in order to request published reports or published data and list of young people who applied for employment. This might be useful when selecting 15 participants that are relevant to the research. The method of interviewing participants will be “semi-structured.” Additionally, one on one interview technique might also be used because regardless of being without a job is usual amongst young individuals it causes numerous social and psychological ills to people who it might not be easy for them to share within a collective discussion.

Interview will be done in Corridor (in Kayamandi) where soft drinks and coffee will be shared with participants. Corrido was selected for a reason. Firstly, most of youth looking for a job often go to that place to check if there are any opportunities or jobs. Secondly, the setting is important for doing “ethnographic observations.” Interview will be done from October till end of mid November, this includes the days in which participants will not come as we have mentioned above that we must be prepared for unforeseen events. Probably maximum of two participats will be interviewed each day. Ethonographic method will also be used in order to collect data on some of noticeable young individuals experiences because, according to Atkinson and Delamont, “ethnographic approach can roughly be split into interviewing the participants and observing naturally occurring social events, setting and conduct (2011: 180).” When there is informal cdiscussion with youth sitting in Corrido and observing natural surroundings and also activities of the individuals nearby might be significant for taking notes about youth that is unemployed. Bryman makes it clear that ethnographers should make notes based on what they observe (2012: 447).

Field notes and recording of interviews will be employed in this research in order to collect data for this study. Recording interviews sometimes has disadvantages, as Bryman noted, people sometimes might refuse to be recorded or the device malfunction may occur during the interview (2012: 484). However, this will not affect the research. Perhaps people who refuse to be recorded are free to express their opinions and experiences in informal ways than the people who agree to be recorded. Examining qualitative data involves the analysis of observations, words, text or even pictures and provide inference to the research questions. The primary stage of analysis and data management, well informed by research questions of the study, findings or the collected data will be characterized into 4 wide-ranging areas of thematic analysis which are as follows: youth perspective about unemployment and employment related problems, personal experiences by participations, approaches that the youth used in order to deal with unemployment and information on employment hunting or searching mechanism, unemployment durations and work experiences. For Bryman, “coding is the starting point for many forms of qualitative data analysis (2012: 575).

The interview transcriptions that are collected in Xhosa language will be translated or rendered to English and coded below the topic category later after interviews. Similarly, finidngs written on “field notes” will also be examined and thereafter, will be placed to the theme that is relevant. Microsoft Office Word will play a major role in capturing the data. Moreover, the collected data will be coded and processed via Atlas.

Bibliography

Bryman, A. 2012. Social research methods(4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Smith, K., Todd, M., & Waldman, J. 2009. Doing Your Undergraduate Social Science Dissertation. London: Routledge.

Du Plessis, J., Heinecken, L., & Olivier, D. (2012). Community needs assessment and asset mapping profile of Kayamandi. Unpublished report, Division of Community Interaction: Stellenbosch University, South Africa. Retrieved from http://admin.sun.ac.za/gi/Asset%20mapping%20report%20Kayamandi%202012%20Phase%201.pdf

Atkinson, P., & Delamont, S. 2011. SAGE Qualitative Research Methods. Washington DC: SAGE Pblications Ltd

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