Romanticism or romantic era was basically shaped through musical intellectual and literary movement, originated in Europe almost at the end of the 18th century. This movement was resulted as a response after the Industrial Revolution as it is proved to make a breakthrough in the history of mankind. However, due to this revolution, the whole scenario of the Europe started to change since things were not so nature based. Therefore, as a result the hollowness for nature which was replaced by the machines found its place in poems and stories as well as music. Talking about the poet who utilized this movement as a base of a writing that was unheard for before. It is said to be an era brought a genre of nature, imagination, fancy, love as well as fiction, and since time it kept changing. The major breakthrough was made by the highbrow poets in this era such as William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron, John Keats, Anna Laetitia Barbauld, Percy Bysshe Shelly and more.
My focus for this paper will be on three eminent poets; and they are William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and John Keats. There is no doubt that this trio of influential poets have made a significant breakthrough in romantic literature. Amongst all the characteristics of English poetry, nature seems to have created a profound effect on all the poets, hence these three are no different than each other. Needless to say that even though these poets have flourished in the same era, they have an unassociated view towards nature. In this paper, I will try to explore how the concept of nature has been viewed by these three poets in their significant poetries. In order to do so I will shed light on the poetries like I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud, Dejection: An Ode, Ode to a Nightingale respectively.
After the Romantic movement, the literature took a notable turn which may have been confusing for the readers and keeping this thought in mind, William Wordsworth wrote ‘Preface to Lyrical Ballads’ in order to explore public reactions. He came up with the idea mentioning that poetry should be accessible to all social standards rather solely to the elite people. In addition, he further tried to point out the need of using only rustic language related with the life of common men and women living only their simple life rural or rustic areas. Furthermore, Wordsworth advocated the need avoiding abstract ideas as well as poetic diction in the composition of poetry. He does not support the idea of using the artificial metaphors figures of speech or any other device in order to decorate and make the style higher.
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