An Ancient Indus Valley Civilization
Ancient Egypt had many cities along the Nile River. This gave them a good trade route. The cities were there for a while because they had statues that took years to make. Two ancient cities found 13 miles east of Alexandria were found. They had remains of old houses, temples and colossal statues.
Before Upper and Lower Egypt were united, a king ruled each area. The king of Lower Egypt wore a red crown and the king of Upper Egypt wore a white crown. In 3100 B.C., Menes, the king of Upper Egypt united the country. The united country was then divided into 40 regions. There was a governor for each region. Each governor had to listen to the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the highest person in the government and had all power over the people. Pharaohs wore a double crown to represent Upper and Lower Egypt. The pharaohs made Egypt a rich and powerful nation. Egypt had one of the first organized governments. Scribes kept the government running by keeping records. Farmers had to give 3/5 of the crops to the pharaoh as a tax. The Egyptians also had to spend a few months every year working on the Pyramids.
They were polytheistic. They believed in life after death so they buried their kings and people that meant a lot. The buried the kings in huge Pyramids with treasures and jewels so that when they came back they would be happy
They had job-specializations. People had their own thing to do. Whether it is help carry the giant blocks for the pyramids or making the cement that held it together.
The Egyptians have seven classes, one of which is the priests, and another that is the warriors, while the others are the cowherds, swineherds, shopkeepers, interpreters, and boatmen. This is the number of the classes of the Egyptians, and their names are given them from the occupations that th0ey follow The Egyptians had great arts and architecture. The pyramids represent this. Some people would think that building the pyramids would be impossible with out the help of machines. But the Egyptians proved them wrong.
Armies of slaves did not build the pyramids. They were more like a public works project, which gave them year round employment to farmers during the annual flooding of the Nile. Pyramids were built, during the Old and Middle Kingdoms, as tombs for kings. The pyramid's fundamental purpose was to ensure the king's continuing life in the hereafter. Members of the royal family, and other nobles, might be favored with smaller pyramid tombs. A few kings built more than one large pyramid.
The ancient Egyptians invented of type of paper called papyrus. It was made from the river plant of the same name. Papyrus was a very strong and tough paper-like material that was used in Egypt for over 3000 years. The modern paper was first created from papyrus. Paper is derived from the word "papyrus." Documents written on papyrus were often sealed with a mud sealing embossed with a stamp from a scarab seal, much in the same way that wax seals were later used.