The Influence of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans

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Katrina hit on August 29, with this hurricane there was 130-miles-per-hour winds, 10 to 12 inches of rainfall, and a storm surge approaching 30 feet. Katrina is the third worst hurricane in histiry. For my paper I decided to write about how Katrina affected New Orleans. It is estimated that around 1.2 million people evacuated the metropolitan. With the hurricanes also lead to the levves failing. More than 50 breaches of the levee system lead to flooding that eventually covered 80% of the city of New Orleans to depth above 15 ft. in some places. It doesn’t help that the city is also below sea level, and most of the pump stations used to remove rain water from the city were disabled by the storm, the water stayed in the city.

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I don’t think that we are past recovery. Katrina caused a lot of damage. In addition to the issues with the goevernment and FEMA things were out of order. This caused more problems. Looking over the steps the community took during clean up it is true that 10 years later there is less damage that neccesarily needs to be fixed but the economy is still low. Because of Katrina FEMA was able to get more assistance. One of the biggest issues to occur when dealing with hurricanes is damages. There is a myth that FEMA will come in handing out money to those who lost their homes when this is in fact a myth. Realtors are not required to encourage flood insureance. Another issue is that some don’t know they can buy flood insurenace if they are not in a flood zone. So, only those who had insurance received money. A study found that those who are back in New Orleans are having difficulty getting money to rebuild their homes, while those who have less damage are having difficulty finding workers to fix the damage. Many individuals who have not returned don’t have the resources to repair their home or purchase a new one, and rent in the city has become so expensive post-Katrina (tripled, according to several accounts on the ground) that most people cannot afford it, preventing those who rented in the city before the storm from returning.

Something I found interesting is that there was an overwhelming amount of jobs that were being offered. So many more jobs than people to hire. Most people want to have some type of input on how their neighborhoods and New Orleans as a whole are rebuilt, but few had specific plans of action. The two things people wanted most to change as a result of the rebuilding process were leadership and crime. Nearly everyone interviewed wanted a change in leadership, mostly on the local levels and crime. Post Katrina cities have become restored. Residents report seeing progress in repairs of levees and improvements in attracting new business to the city. There were definty actions after with rebulding the community back to its vibrant self which is good to see. Some of the issues were questioned if some even wanted to rebuild again. But, 10 years later we can see that New Orleans was clearly rebult.

The govenment and FEMA realilized after Katrina the importance of evacuation. In cities a lot of people don’t have personal vehicles and that means they realied on public transportation. An article that I found released what could issues have been fixed post Katrina. FEMA has made important improvements dealing with communities and responding to and recovering from disasters. FEMA has been able to be more effiencent with recovery efforts. Specifically, the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act (PKEMRA) of 2006, gave FEMA clear guidance on its mission and priorities, and provided the legislative authorities needed to better partner with state, local, tribal, and territorial governments before, during, and after disasters. Post katrina we are now able to provide better support to states and tribes ahead of a disaster.

Since 2005, FEMA gained statutory authority to surge resources to states, tribes, and territories ahead of a disaster should the capacity of states, tribes or territories become overwhelmed. This authority expedites FEMA’s ability to respond to disasters if and when a state, tribe or territory requests support and a disaster is declared by the President.

Other means of imporvement involved deveoloping the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF). Leadership was a big problems and NDRF helped to focus on leadership throughout. Furthermore, FEMA was able to create the Incident Management Assistance Teams. Because there were so many that were left stranded at their home there was also a focus to Improved Search and Rescue capability. Since 2005, FEMA has better integrated search and rescue assets from across diverse Federal agencies such as the U.S. Coast Guard and the Department of the Interior.

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