A child’s foundation in education is essential and is supposed to be as strong as the foundation when people are building a house. Their social, physical and emotional development has a significant impact on their future and academic growth. Lack of pre-literacy and pre-numeral skills development may cause great challenges as they grow older in their academic performance. Research shows that significant brain development in children take place before they start their first year of school. Children can get enrolled to preschool between ages 3-5 years. Preschool is a level of education that takes place in the early years of a child and involves childhood programs conducted by professionally trained teachers where children combine learning with play. It is vital to a child as it creates a better educational foundation for them leading to better performances. Preschool education prepares children’s school readiness; enhances children’s independence and confidence; introduces early literacy skills; develops social skills.
Pre-school is a response to a child’s school readiness. It prepares children for actual schooling by teaching them about behavior management. In pre-school teachers teach children at how to be students by practicing how to raise their hands and turn taking. There are also trained how to pay attention to their teachers, follow directions given to them and routines. When children are familiar with the directions, routines, and the learning atmosphere, once they enter the school, they are less nervous and do not need to spend a lot of time to adjust. “A survey of Milwaukee Kindergarten teachers finds nearly all (97%) report they can generally tell early in the school year which children attended preschool and which did not. Teachers also feel that those who attended preschool typically perform much better in Kindergarten and at least somewhat better after that. The survey of 77 teachers of five-year-old Kindergarten (K5) in the Milwaukee public school district (MPS) also finds that most teachers (93%) feel children with preschool or four-year-old Kindergarten (K4) backgrounds are somewhat to much better prepared to enter K5 than their peers.” (Public Policy Forum) In addition, children can learn how to build an excellent student-teacher relationship in the preschool education, through interactive conversions and activities which is essential for one’s academic success.
Teachers at pre-school allow children to carry out activities such as going to the washroom and cleaning their hands by themselves. This enables them to be independent. It builds social, behavioral skills (Powell & Douglas, p.269). Teachers help them discover their skills through the activities they take part in. This will help them become more confident in their lives as they get older. They will begin to identify themselves positively from their strengths and therefore will encourage them to grow confidently (Edwards Laurie). They also support them and remind them that they are doing a great job after accomplishing something. This confidence is carried throughout the academic journey. Lack of confidence causes challenges in academic success whereby their grades will be affected and may also affect their hopes and dreams.
Academically, pre-school introduces children to early literacy skills such as pre-math and pre-numeracy skills. “One of the longest-running controlled studies–the North Carolina-based Abecedarian Project–found that of its 111 original subjects, the ones randomly assigned to excellent childcare and preschool from infancy through age 5 scored higher on cognitive, math, and reading tests throughout their school years and were more likely to still be in school at age 21 than their counterparts who didn’t attend such programs. There were social benefits as well: Those in the program were less likely to be parents while still in their teens and to have gotten in trouble, both in and out of school.” (Ruben David, p.160) Research shows that early mathematical development is crucial in a child’s academic success. The preschool education gives a child a strong academic foundation, phonemic awareness, and number of concepts. Children are taught numbers and letters in a way that is appealing to them, that is through forms of songs, for example, singing an alphabetical song, reading stories for them. This builds their listening and comprehension skills. Developing strong language skills is essential throughout academic life.
The activities that children participate in pre-school helps them to develop social skills, getting along with other children and this encourages teamwork amongst themselves. They learn how to effectively get along with each other and therefore reduces the levels of bullying in school and their effects on them. Bullying can affect children academically whereby they will develop a bad attitude towards school, and this leads to poor performance. With teamwork, children can see the sense of value in others. Teamwork will help them stick together through all situations whereby they will be able to help each other academically through group work and discussion as they progress in their education.
Generally, pre-school education is essential to a child’s academic success. It has long term importance on a child’s academic and career life. Pre-school equips a child with life skills which will help them throughout their growth. Studies have shown that children who attend preschool have the likelihood of finishing their college and university education. A strong foundation built at preschool levels is carried in a student until the end of their educational life.
Parents should highly consider enrolling their children for preschool since the skills acquired are essential. Developing minds have the best chance of learning and keeping knowledge. Preschool education prepares not only children’s school readiness, but also enhances children’s independence and confidence. Furthermore, it introduces early literacy skills and develop social skills. Lack of these social, cognitive and emotional skills can cause significant challenges in learning journey of a child.
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