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The Main Facts About Argentina

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Geography and Economy

Argentina is a country in South America, that covers most of the southern part of the continent. It is the world’s eighth largest country, it is surrounded by huge plains, deserts, tundra, and forests, as well as tall mountains, rivers, and thousands of miles of ocean shoreline. Argentina also claims a portion of Antarctica, as well as several islands in the South Atlantic. The population of Argentina is 44,934,633.

Argentina’s economy, which is said to be the most powerful in the region, it is dependent on services and manufacturing. Argentina still produces more grain than any other country in Latin America. Argentina gdp per capita for 2018 was $11,653.

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Religion has played a significant role in social and political life throughout Argentine history. For much of Argentina’s history, the Catholic Church has had significant influence and power over the country. The religion was introduced to Argentina in the 17th century by Jesuit missionaries from Spain. As a branch of Christianity, Catholicism presents the doctrine of God as the ‘Holy Trinity’, consisting of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Like most Catholics, many Argentines accept the authority of the priesthood and Roman Catholic Church, which is led currently by an Argentinian Pope – Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Pope Francis. As the first pope to come from Latin America, Pope Francis is a great source of pride for many Argentines.


Argentine culture is a blend of European customs and Latin American and indigenous traditions. Argentines are quite proud of their nation and its blended heritage as well as their ability to rise above adversity. They are also proud of their talents in many fields. The country is filled with diverse landscapes such as plains, forests, deserts, mountains and thousands of kilometres of ocean shoreline.

National Symbols

Argentina’s national animal is a bird, the Rufous Hornero. It is a bird that makes its nest with mud and grass, little branches, and threads, plastic, anything it can get. Predator birds and others can’t get inside it due a spiral entrance. It maintains the same couple all life and does not migrate.

The sun on the center of the flag represents The Sun of May, and is the national emblem of Argentina. It was officially added to the flag in 1985.

Politics and Migrants

Current President in Argentina is Mauricio Macri, he was sworn into office on 10 December 2015.

Argentina is a very diverse country of immigrants. Argentines often call the country a ‘crisol de razas,’ or mix of races. Between the 18th and 19th centuries, Argentina received more than 6.6 million immigrants, second only to the United States, which helped the country’s population doubled every 20 years.


Education for Argentine schoolchildren includes two options: either six years of primary school followed by another six in secondary school, or seven years of primary school and five years of secondary school. In Argentina, 57 schools offer the International Baccalaureate Diploma. The schools in Buenos Aires cater to many different expats, particularly the French, German, Italian, Japanese, and English-speaking communities.

Almost 90,000 international students come to study in Argentina each year, more than any other Latin America country aside from Uruguay. Over 30,000 of these students are from Europe, the US and Asia, with attractions including the high quality of courses, affordable living costs and the chance to become proficient in speaking Spanish while experiencing such a diverse and colorful culture.

Transportation System

Trains, tramways (with trams), busses, railways (with trains), taxis, commuter trains, subways (Subte in Buenos Aires), ferries (Buquebus & others), Remises (private taxi service) and airports (with airplanes) there are many ways to get around while visiting or living in Argentina.


Argentina’s official language is Spanish, Argentinian Spanish is not the same when spoken in Spain. In some ways it sounds more Italian than Spanish. They also speak Italian, German, English and French.


In Argentines young men wear jeans and t-shirts or soccer jerseys, but you may also see men wearing nice pants and shoes. Women generally wear very feminine clothing. The Argentine Tango is probably the most famous of all of our traditions. It originates from the streets of Buenos Aires in the 19th Century – where African, Caribbean and European heritage fused to create this new dance. It became a dance craze back then.’


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