The Principles and Social Structure of Society in Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia was among the earth's first regions where people started to live in cities and build governments. To the first Invention of agriculture (about 10,000 BC), people no longer had to spend their rest of the time to food hunting-gathering and had freedom to pursue stuff such as architecture, art, music, and writing. It therefore resulted to specialty, which contributed to social class formation.

Early Mesopotamia had been split towards a small upper class formed of the monarch as well as other rich nobles, clergy, and holy men, as well as a working class consisted of artisans, businessman, and officials. Anyone else, has produced up a very much bigger poor working class, the workers as well as peasants. There had been servants from the very lower class. Most were generally controlled by all the prince or many other high-class people. The aristocracy lived a happy comfortable life. The prince would have no limitations according to what he should or should not seem to do, but as he wanted, he could claim revenues. The working class produced good money, and they could ultimately move to higher level to community if they worked extremely hard. Also, the poor class, for enough work and effort, would finally struggle the way through the working class. Females were still not viewed as males compatible. They were component of a social status from their own. They were permitted to leave the homes and get to the shop, own properties, operate the own corporations, and sometimes even engage in lawful situations. There have been no rules in opposition toward women, whether learning how to read and start writing, as well as taking any kind of employment but they did not have any rights to say in law. The middle class and poor class people used to live a residence that is made of mud and outside and inside was plastered so it could protect from the warmth temperature and roof was flat and dry so during summer time family could sleep at the roof. On the Other side rich people had luxurious houses with painting.

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Education in Mesopotamia focused mainly on reading and writing. Places of worship set up schools where children could be educated as scholars as well as bishops. Initially, the temples had been connected with the cuneiform academies, but eventually secular schools ended up taking over. Founded scholars started opening schools and expensive student loans was indicted. Due to high cost only wealthy family’s boy and girls could go to school and they were learning not only literacy and numeracy also they were taught math and depended what they wanted to be in future so beside that they also taught geography, architecture, engineering in the schools. In the school there were hard discipline. Students could not talk without teachers’ permission also dressed inappropriate way students got punish for it. Students had to worked had in order to learn all those subjects’ skills. Lower class family did not have ability to send their children to the school but if the girl were training as a priestess then they have the rights to educate themselves.

To the Mesopotamians people Religion had been fundamental principles, believing that every element of human life was influenced by the god. They were polytheists and worshiped of many significant gods and many small gods were respected. In ancient Mesopotamia, as all power came from the god, priesthood have always been the original rulers. Therefore, the monks were already the god's agent as well as the everyone's decision maker. The national authority had been created in a ruler, even if rulers had particular faith responsibilities as well. Rulers governed by all the support of the god and thus were bound up with such a holy power. The most powerful people in Mesopotamian culture were royalty, monks and priests.     

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