Language is a significant need of every individual to express their views, feelings and most importantly to communicate with each other. However, imagine a scenario where a person would be separated from their native language. One will lose his tradition and culture. Unfortunately, there are many languages which are as of now passed on, and this process is still in progress. Ostler (2000) remarks that numerous linguists predicted that less or more than 6,000 languages would be decreased or decreasing till 2050. Globalization and migration from one country to another country are the two main reasons for the disappearance of local languages.
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Globalization is one of the most prominent reasons why local languages are disappearing. For instance, in a multinational corporation, English, an international language, is dominating the other languages which include the native language of that region, too, where the people are living as well as working. Fishman (1986) states that globally, the number of multinational companies are increasing continuously, which emphasis more and more people to communicate in English for promotions or to make an appointment. Along with this, as the world is moving towards globalization; the employees of a company use the English language as a mean of communication for meetings, presentations, and the documents, they are exchanging, such as any contract, are in English language only instead of their regional language. Moreover, as in corporate world also, such as in Information Technology industry, the only language which a programmer can use to develop any software is English, due to which they do not have any option other than English to develop any new software. Fishman (1986) further point out that, in India, a minority of English speakers surrendered their local language or native language. Some adequate efforts can be made to solve the problem of the disappearance of a language. He further points out that, until now, globalization has limited effect, despite region, the advancement of English is firmly associate to numerous factors such as social class, age, sexual orientation and field of work. Although, every language has its importance in the society. During international meetings, where delegates from an overseas visit a country for a meeting, then there is the transmission of regional languages too when they interact with local people. Additionally, employees can use their local word for informal market interaction so that the local language would not disappear from their community. Furthermore, they should use their regional language to communicate with each other rather than using international language to minimize the influence of international language at the workplace. Many people and countries are adopting foreign language to become globalize and to increase the business.
Migration from one place to another place has become very common and is also a significant factor which leads to the extinction of some languages. Fishman (1986) mentioned in his article that there are a large number of students who are going to overseas for their higher education. They are mainly Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States, whose primary language is English. These students are disconnecting from their native language because they have to communicate at the global level. Therefore, they give more preference to the English language. To exemplify, students from various nations like India, China, Iran are coming to Canada, and they give more importance to English as compare to French, which is one of the official languages in Canada. French in contrast with their primary language which prompts losing neighborhood language of their nation. It further affects their culture and tradition as they are overlooking their own. Ostler (2000) illustrates that during the time span of nineteenth and twentieth century, in the boarding schools of Australia and the United States, school administration denied their students from different nations to talk in their mother tongue. Students got punishment if they would not follow the instruction. To neglect this effect, Ostler (2000) cited that the legal authorities should discontinue this practice of bilingual education courses and the students who are moving towards the English-speaking countries for their higher studies should not forget their own culture and tradition. Local languages are losing due to the migration of people from one country to another.
In conclusion, language extinction is a concept, which should not ignore at any cost, and losing a language implies losing culture, tradition, history, conventions and much more along with it. Several factors are playing a significant role in the depletion of any language such as globalization and mass migration from one place to another by individuals. Some appropriate efforts can be made such as parents should use their primary language at home and also schools should organize workshops in which students can come to know about their roots and aware them about their culture, tradition and ethnic values so that they get connected with them.
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