Have you ever left a television on without someone even watching? Have you ever left a faucet running and let the water overflow? I think it’s safe to say that most of us have. Now, let me ask you, have you ever thought of the resources that you wasted when you did these things? Have you ever thought of the resources that you took for granted?
Every day, natural resources are being wasted carelessly. We are wasting God’s gift to us without even thinking how this will greatly affect our lives and also our future. We are being ignorant to the reality that our natural resources are not unlimited or infinite. We will eventually come to a time where the Earth’s resources will all be gone if we continue to use them in wrong ways. Just think about a world wherein our natural resources are gone. Would it not be like living at Mars? Jupiter? Life would not exist. You would not exist. I would not exist. Therefore, we, who are responsible for the continuous depletion of nature’s supply, must conserve Earth’s natural resources. Conservation is the proper management of a natural resource to prevent its exploitation, depletion, destruction or degradation. Conservation is the total sum of activities, which can induce benefits from natural resources but at the same time prevents excessive use that leads to destruction or degradation.
There are several reasons as to why you should conserve natural resources and I will cite those reasons one by one. The first reason why we should conserve natural resources is to maintain ecological balance. Ecological balance is the equilibrium between living organisms such as human beings, plants, and animals as well as their environment. These species get the conducive environment to multiply and thrive. Sufficient food availability to all the living organisms and their stability show the existence of ecological balance. Therefore, this balance is very necessary because it ensures survival, existence and stability of the environment. It ensures that no particular species is overused or exploited. Farming, hunting, and resources exploitation threaten this balance.
For example, deforestation. Deforestation causes drought which causes decrease in food production thus, resulting to insufficient food. Insufficient food can cause starvation and death, hence reducing the existence of some species. Continuous misuse of natural resources can cause ecological imbalances such as flood, hunger caused by drought, and windstorm that may wipe out everything and many more. We must not let these imbalances happen. To achieve an ecologically balanced world, conservation of natural resources is very integral. By reducing deforestation rate and continuously planting trees prevent the undesirable climate change which can cause abnormality in our ecosystems.
The second reason why we should conserve is to preserve different kinds of species or biodiversity. The number of the species of animals, plants, and microorganisms, the vast diversity of genes in these species, the different ecosystems on our planet, such as rainforests, deserts, grasslands and coral reefs are all part of a biologically diverse Earth. Biodiversity is important because it boosts the ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how big or small, all have a necessary role to play. For example, honeybees that fertilize and pollinate food-producing plants. A healthy biodiversity also gives us many natural services like ecosystem services such as protection of water resources, maintenance of ecosystems, nutrient storage and pollution breakdown and many more. It offers us biological resources such as food, wood products, medicinal resources, and diversity in genes, species and ecosystems. It also gives us social benefits like education research and monitoring, tourism and recreation, and cultural values. And we all get these for free!
But what do we give in return? We start destroying, reducing and isolating habitats by cutting down trees, overhunting animals, and turning their habitats into urbanized areas. By doing these, the interaction from species with a large gene pool decreases and this causes genetic defects and extinction. To prevent this from happening, we need to conserve our natural resources in wildlife. We must reduce cutting trees at forests and strictly prohibit overhunting and overfishing, and stop industrializing areas where diverse species are abundant to preserve their natural habitat, to avoid deforestation, and to preserve their variety of genes.
Lastly, another reason for conserving is to make the Earth’s natural resources available for the present and future generation and also to ensure the survival of the human race. Renewable and nonrenewable are two types of natural resources. An example of a renewable resource is wood. Other resources like animals, fishes and forests can also be renewed if not over-harvested. Plants and trees can be replanted thus the lack of wood can be replaced. However, the increasing needs of the ever increasing population of the world is causing more and more trees and forests to be cut down at a very alarming rate. In the urban areas or cities, it is very difficult to see greenery, giving way to increased air pollution and problems to the people living a normal life. If the continuous decreasing of trees cannot be fulfilled at the same rate we are cutting them may cause them to be expended from the earth which would be a call to unlimited problems like soil erosion, lack of rainfall, loss of ecosystems etc.
Unlike woods; earth minerals, oil, metal ores, fossil fuels, natural gas, coal, petroleum, nuclear fuels, etc. are non-renewable natural resources which cannot be found again. If not used properly or within limit, non-renewable natural resources can be depleted in the future. If that happens, the next generations will have to live a life where natural resources, which can be found anywhere in our time, will be rare. The future generations will curse our greediness that caused them starvation, thirst, and suffering. We must not let this happen. Thus, we must follow conservation methods for the Earth’s natural resources to be conserved, especially the non-renewable resources on a very urgent basis. We must start using alternative forms of energy in order to reduce the continuous depletion of natural resources. For example, we can use sunlight instead of electric lights. Use of solar energy can decrease the need of electric energy to a very great extent. Bio gas can also be another alternative that can be used to replace liquid petroleum gas.
Through maintenance of the abundance of nature, preserving species that are endangered, keeping of biodiversity, etc. we can preserve natural resources. We can achieve sustainable nature supply by managing the natural resources through some habitual changes like replanting, decreasing overutilization of resources and limited use of it should be promoted, practicing energy saving methods to prevent waste of energy, farmers should be thought crop rotation and mixed cropping etc.Now that we are on the age where natural resources are literally the lifeline of our society, conserving natural resources is definitely a must. Conserving natural resources means maintaining the ecological balance. Humans and ecosystems will co-exist harmoniously. Conserving means preserving the healthy diversity of species. Conserving our natural resources means preserving the comfortable and convenient lives that we have now. We can still take baths, eat our meals, and ride cars to work or school. Conserving our natural resources also means securing a bright future for the new generation to come.
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