Intersectionality refers to a framework for hypothesizing an individual, social issue, or a group of people that are affected by a number of discrimination or even disadvantages. Therefore, the theory of intersectionality asserts that individuals in the society are often faced with challenges related to race, gender identity, sexual orientation, class, and religion among other identity factors. A good example is the oppression that the female gender is facing whereby women are paid relatively less than men because of the perceptions that exists in most of the societies. In this case, it is important to understand intersectionality as a way analyzing the struggles people face every day and how intersectionality impacts modern society.
Intersectionality can be experienced from as early as birth. Natal alienation can be identified as a form of intersectionality because of its hindrance on a child’s ability to grow, and on the parent’s inability to teach their child about culture and give them a sense of identity. In the reading, The Constituent Elements of Slavery, the author explains about the racial discriminations that African American slaves faced in American society. The concept of natal alienation is introduced and can help us better understand the concept of intersectionality. Natal alienation is explained as an individual who is “Alienated from all “rights” or claims of birth, he ceased to belong in his own right to any legitimate social order” (Patterson 5). The concept of natal alienation separates an individual from any cultural and family ties. This individual is seen as more of an object rather than a human. Natal alienation starts at a very young age and can progress into adulthood. Natal alienation is a form of intersectionality because the subject starts their life already at a disadvantage. In the book Prison and Social Death author Joshua Price describes natal alienation and its use in the prison system. He explains how using natal alienation in the jail system is quite similar to its use during slavery (Price 23). These jails will separate a child from the mother, making it difficult for the child to identify the mother, and causes the mother to suffer through the separation of their child. Slavery and prison both share the idea of disassociation from one’s culture.
Intersectionality can be studied through life experience both on an individual level, and on a wider cultural level. In the article “intersectionality 101” by Ahir Gopaldas, the method of intersectionality can be researched through lived experience. Gopaldas believes that intersectional data such as personal interviews and simple observation paired with secondary information like historical events can help identify the causes of intersectionality (Gopaldas 91). The two texts Maus by Art Spiegelman and Persepolis by Marjane Satripe provide a number of differences in terms of intersectionality. Art Spiegelman talks about the oppression that that the Jews faced from the Nazi regime. Racism is portrayed in the text as the author argues on how the Jews were differentiated from the Nazi. For example, the Jews were referred to as rats while the Nazi were compared to being cats. (Spiegelman 109). Art Spiegelman 's Maus is a novel about Vladek and his experience as a Polish Jewish during the Holocaust. It clarifies the truth of the Holocaust, where a great many Jews were efficiently executed by the Nazi system. One of the subjects of the story is racial segregation, which is apparent in the utilization of the character of creatures and their common relations. Jews are rodents, Nazis are felines, Americans are hounds. Holocaust and racial segregation are two resolute elements.
Art Spiegelman attempted to complete the grieving at Maus by first orchestrating various courses of events and afterward isolating himself with the dad into jobs being introduced in various styles. Maus: The narrative of survivors: History of wicked ridiculous dads from the mid-1930s to the winter of 1944, Maus II: The account of survivors: From here my issues are 'From Mauschwitz to Catskills and so forth.' Art Spiegelman who lives somewhere in the range of 1906 and 1982 was conceived in 1948, and somewhere in the range of 1978 and 1991, two books about Maus whose fathers are as yet alive and have proceeded for quite a long time after his demise I composed a book of. In any case, in 1945 Artie passed the freedom from Auschwitz and recollected Vladek's anecdote about the tale of life in Poland during the 1930s, so the 'now' of the story was 1978 - 79 years. To begin with, there are two flashbacks in Rego Park in New York in 1958, and in the embedded manga by 1968 'Detainees on Hell's Planet'.
Art Spiegelman's realistic novel 'Maus' is accepted to advance the media of previous wretched manga books to aesthetic support and regard for the artistic and workmanship world. Maus speaks to Spiegelman's 'Lasting Contribution to Western Manga the media appropriate for passing on the topical subject with an issue. In 1992 I learned at secondary school and college and got the Pulitzer Novel Prize, and the first work of art of Spiegelman was curated at display shows everywhere throughout the world.
Satrapi's Persepolis is a French realistic novel that recounts to the tale of Marjane's youth in Iran during the Islamic insurgency. The tale shows issues related with sexual orientation, singular personality, national character, and the war. Section 1 of the novel depicts the difficulties looked by Iran, as a country, and Marjane's credulous point of view uncovers a streamlined comprehension of Iran's political past. Section 2 of the novel is a defining moment for Marjane, as she is driven away from her nation and move to a place of refuge, Vienna. Overpowered by the huge decision and accessibility of nourishment and different items in markets just as the opportunity of Viennese culture, she starts to gradually adjust to the life of local people. Despite the fact that language being a solid hindrance to full coordination, Marjane is sent to a French talking school, The Lyceum of Vienna, where she acquires her center school training. Moving from a motel run by nuns, to a companion's home, to a common condo with eight gay men lastly, to a room in Frau Heller's home, Marjane faces a great deal of acknowledgment from the network, just as prejudice, which just serves to help her to remember the untouchable that she is, and consistently will be. In the wake of going through four years in Vienna, Marjane comes back to her old neighborhood, Tehran. Having been in the West for such a long time, Marjane doesn't feel familiar with the exacting guidelines of her nation, specifically the need of the shroud. Along these lines she starts to comprehend her mistreatment and it is as though she has been delocalized, or too westernized to feel comfortable. In the wake of endeavoring to modify back to the framework through observing her old companions, dating a kid, and going to college, Marjane understands that in reality, she has an inclination that she doesn't have a place, and is once more a pariah, however this time in what is as far as anyone knows her own nation. In this manner Persepolis presents an adolescence as well as Marjane's powerlessness to distinguish herself with one spot on the planet, and it is the weight of fitting in joined with mistreatment, that at last prompts her deserting her nation for good.
The code of ethics is essential to all human being regardless of their background and status in the society. Every individual deserves a better treatment without any form of discrimination from the public or the state. there are a number of ethical issues that need to be observed on the marginalized group. First, it is important to ensure that there are equal chances offered to the in terms of health (Barlok 87). In addition, there is need to inform the public the essence of interacting with these individuals despite the differences that exists in terms of nationality. On the other hand, there is need to consider the health ethics that imply that health facilities and institutions need to offer equal services to its citizens. However, this might not be the case because immigrants are still experiencing numerous problems that are as a result of failure by the health practitioners and health facilities to observe the code of ethics.
There are a number of avenues that can be employed in addressing the issues that are affecting the marginalized group living in America. First, after I complete school, I will consider doing an analysis of the group in order to collect data showing all the problems that this group is facing. This will be followed by coming up with an umbrella group or association of women immigrants with the same interests. The purpose of this group will be to ensure that the plight of the immigrants living in the U.S. is tackled in a collective way. In essence, it will be much easier to champion for the interest of the women immigrants as a whole rather than dealing with the issues that they are facing individually. Another approach that I will consider when dealing with the immigrants is creation of awareness about their rights. In most cases, people that enter the united states may fail to understand the set laws and regulations and thus, it might be difficult for them to operate in such a strict country. Therefore, my mandate will be to provide them with the necessary guidance all through on how they can apply health insurance policies. Finally, I will focus on mobilizing other societal organization that are concerned with immigrants to foster for their rights like any other citizens living in America. Most of the immigrants fail to understand the protocol that need to be followed in ensuring that they can access treatment and medication from the health facilities. In the long-run, the number of issues that are prevalent among the immigrants living in the United States are likely to reduce.
To sum up, issues related to intersectionality tend to affect the society in a number of ways. The issues of discrimination discussed in the text clearly indicate the social problems that are still in existent. Besides, the challenges that humans are facing in the world of today are as a result of the social borders that exists today. Race and cultures still act and some of the aspects in society that affect the population. In most cases, as both readings indicate, people are often discriminated because of their view and perspective towards the world. This implies that the boundaries between cultures and religion act as social borders between this ethnic groups. Aspects of modernity have helped in offer a solution to this existing issue of intersectionality.
- Barlok, Abby E. 'New Tools for Storytelling: Flexible Ethnicity and Adaptation in Comics & Television.' (2017).
- DeConnick, Kelly Sue, and Valentine De Landro. 'Bitch Planet, Volume 1: Extraordinary Machine cover.' Feminist Review 116.1 (2017): 133-133.
- Lund, Martin. 'Comics Activism, A (Partial) Introduction.' Scandinavian Journal of Comic Art; 2 3 (2018).
- McCall, Leslie. 'The complexity of intersectionality.' Intersectionality and beyond. Routledge- Cavendish, 2008. 65-92.
- Satrapi, Marjane. The complete persepolis. New York: Pantheon Books, 2007.
- Spiegelman, Art. The Complete Maus. New York: Pantheon, 1996.