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The Role of Missouri Compromise and Manifest Destiny

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The expansion of the country has always been something that was in every entrepreneur, newcomers, and even those that believed that one day they will build their own country in the foreseeable future had in common. Manifest Destiney is usually believed to have started after the war of 1812 but still accurate that it has existed before that. It came to life between 1812 and the civil. The expansion of America was becoming a reality. One of the many reasons they took arms and seceded against the British empire was they can expand. The proclamation line in 1763 after England won the seven war against the French was one of the big reasons that lead to the colonies taking arms against the British. They wanted to move to the new era that was occupied by the Indians, but the proclamation line prevented them from moving any further. After the War of 1812 where the young nation took on the greatest naval power at the time and defeated them, gave birth to new ambitions. These ambitions grew through the own country but not everyone had the same ambition. Slavery became one of the biggest issues during the period of Manifest Destiney. Those in the South that have built their economy around slavery wanted to bring their slaves to the new the territories that was gained after 1812. In the primal 1800s, the expanding American population rose to creep inside the lower south. While they pushed farther westward, the white pioneers reached beyond an impediment, the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee, Seminole nations, and Chickasaw. The Indian communities implied as the colonists regarded it, in the way of celestial motion. In the year 1803, America’s territory was expanded by approximately fold its initial reach. Such an addition turned out to be extremely beneficial, but much like a rose, such a deed did come with its thorns. Andrew Jackson, a enduring advocate of American enlargement and the purpose of American exceptionalism, holds possibly the common infamous advocate of Indian extraction throughout that era. In 1814, he commanded United States military victoriously toward the Creek Nation. In their upset, the Creeks surrendered twenty-two million acres over the American government. The United States earned higher indigenous land in 1818 during Jackson and his troops overran the Seminole homeland in modern time Florida.

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The Louisiana Purchase posed various moral dilemmas for President Thomas Jefferson, but overall the advantages outweighed the disadvantages. The vulnerable country of Spain yielded the Louisiana Purchase to France, which at that time was commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte. Acquiring this area would shield the United States’ capacity to guarantee the possession and use of the essential harbor of New Orleans. This bargain also demonstrated to be advantageous in that it not only averted a war between America and France but also dismissed France’s appearance as an adversary in North America. The Louisiana Purchase reasonably freed the doctrine of ‘Manifest Destiny’ to the United States and its citizens. Amidst all of these benefits, the end assuredly justifies the means. ““Indian Removal set a pattern and precedent for geographical expansion and white supremacy that would be invoked in years to come by advocates of America’s imperial manifest destiny” (Daniel Howe, 975) Seven years following the Supreme court verdict that asserted significant dominance of Americans across the Natives in affairs of land licenses, Andrew Jackson, the famous advocate of Indian extraction and now President, pushed through Congress the Indian Relocation Act. This article of the bill gave the President the jurisdiction to arbitrate “removal” arrangements among each of the Indian societies east of the Mississippi River. Following those arrangements, every tribe would abandon its homeland in the east and depart within a declared time to a boundary west of that vast waterway. The Senate advanced the act by a vote of 28 to 19, the House of Representatives by a vote of 102 to 97. Jackson suddenly moved swiftly to deliver roughly a vague elimination of complete of the eastern tribes, in the North and South alike.

In 1819, Missouri, a frame of the Louisiana Purchase, implemented to Congress toward statehood as a slave state. The productive land of Missouri was typical for a specific large-system, slave-based agriculture conservation then manifests in spectacular south. At the extent, the scale of slave and free states in Congress held just right, and the admittance of Missouri virtually a slave state would tilt the equilibrium. A pretty fiery dispute resulted in Congress that appeared in James Tallmadge offering an amendment over the bill which conditioned, that Missouri could be recognized as a slave state. This bill implemented that no further slaves would be introduced into the state and that every child born to slave parents lived to be free. This motion disgruntled the slave-determined Southerners because they remained slumped on extending the valuable-system of slave exercise. The free-north controlled House of Representatives immediately gave the revised bill for confirmation, but it was executed down through the Senate. Nevertheless, throughout the following congressional assembly, Maine joined for statehood as a free state. Missouri and Maine could both be approved, and the stability of power would prevail whole. The biggest issue was free state slaves and pro slave states. The north motto was, they are willing to accept run-away slaves did not sit well with slave owners. The north willing to accept run away slaves created a dilemma for slave owners because their assets were running away. Although eventually they brought the case to the supreme court and won, it still did not change the fact that free slaves were a threat to slave society. On one hand, the north was advocating for the restriction of new slaves. On the other hand, they were making save zone spaces. Manifest Destiney created economic race between the south and the north. Newly formed states were based their distinction on population. If the majority were pro slaves, the state will be a slave States. This dynamic created a shift of migration where people were to new territories in order to shape the fate of the state. “But if, as southerners believed, the northern free labor system generated hierarchy, oligarchy, conflict between capital and democracy, and relationships founded on economic dependency, inviting southerners to emigrate to such a society was to ask them to move to an alien, un-American world”( (Morrison, Michael A, 22). The north was more developed and industrialized than those in south which decrease their dependency on slavery. The other usually people live is that the north receive a lot of migration coming from Europe which made labor cheap but efficient. There were a lot of ethnic people competing for different jobs at a cheaper rate, so slavery was unnecessary. “Their opponents begged to differ. Determined to pass down the revolutionary heritage unimpaired to the next generation but insensitive to its systemic assumptions, politicians and their constituents in both sections increasingly came to view each other as subversive and un-American” (Morrison, Michael A, 23). On the other hand, the south culture was based on agriculture which made the use of slave workers very efficient and cheap because not a lot of people were willing to do such a difficult job for poor wage. Those that owned slaves were mostly rich, influenceable, and in political power. Both sides viewing slavery different, the heritage and culture of both sides become alien to one another. The south slave economy has shifted from just business to away of life. Having spent generations of slave business, slavery has become a norm for southern societies. It’s easy to understand from their prospective, fighting for something that have been passed from generation to generation.

On the other hand, The Republic of Taxes triumphantly persisted at its own for nine years. Still, increasing urges of the Southern Expansionists also constant President Polk himself prompted Texas to align with the United States formally. Mexico, provoked through this flawless disregard for their alleged jurisdiction, quickly split diplomatic relations with Washington. “In 1846, the United States set out to win the Mexican-American War and gain the territory that Polk had attempted to purchase from Mexico. To do this, the United States initially opened two major fronts against Mexico” (Mountjoy, Shane, 92). Merely following the annexation moved to a highly crucial moment for the connections linking the two nations. The circumstances at control could have been done tranquility ought it to not run for the baffling American appetite for mass quantities of Mexican soil in something the Americans deemed to be the western portion of their land. The Americans believed that these southern boarders of their recently acquired status were the Rio Grande River. Mexico, nevertheless, argued that the Texas territory has never stretched distant than the Nueces River. This disparity of land rights and additionally, a thriving American sensibility of Manifest Destiny drove toward what we presently identify as the Mexican American war. “The treaty officially ended the Mexican-American War. Under its terms, the United States received more than 500,000 square miles of territory. This acquisition of land positioned the United States to become a world power in the coming decades” (Mountjoy, Shane, 100). The Mexican American War possesses a prominent influence in the memoir of America because it commenced to its various significant territorial extension. There have signified constant analyses and aspects of everything and what prompted The Mexican American War. Those signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo concluded the war amidst America availing more. The American history was not established in several wars, among the Mexican American War standing among leading regional expansion triumph. “They maintained that the sectional contest for the right to control the national government began in earnest after the Mexican War when the issue of slavery extension was “evaded both by the people and their representatives in Congress either by disregarding it [1848] or attempting to smother it down by compromises [1850]”( Morrison, Michael A, 288). The Nullification Crisis, The Missouri Compromise, The Corrupt Bargain, The Bank War, the Slave Power Conspiracy, and The Trail of Tears occur before the war.

The Mexican American War signified a struggle that affected the USA and Mexico, because of the land that America ought at initial attempted to buy from Mexico. The battle occurred between 1846 to 1848, registering two years of resentment within the two countries. It solely began after in 1836 when Texas earned its autonomy from Mexico. Mexico had pledged to persist war, including America, as has Texas remained annexed, and that demonstrates why President Martin Buren’s opposition to the annexation of Texas. President Polk had perpetually desired Texas to stay a member of America following the attempts by the preceding president, which ought then to commence the means of uniting Texas toward America. President Polk proposed to purchase Texas, but Mexico would not permit such to happen. After the capture of Texas, there occurred tension with America and Mexico across the borders and boundaries, and ultimately on in 1846, the period of May, America announced war on Mexico. The Mexican cavalry was demolished next, and they yielded to the American Government when they transferred in toward discussions to stop the fight. Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty signified a pact endorsed by America and Mexico in 1848, the period of February, which concluded the war and malice between them. America purchased Upper California furthermore and New Mexico by 15 million dollars.

The politically stable duration of the agreement did that so nor the North, and neither the South could legitimately allege that they seized the precise edge of the stick. Therefore, in a vital function, the Missouri Compromise remained remarkably efficient. Although efficient in the short-term, the Missouri Compromise attained a harmony that was moderately shallow because it merely prolonged the predetermined regional conflict, till when the North and the South would move distant diverse, not solely in their economic attitude on slavery, but further in their cultural and civic foundation. Wickedness about the slave predicament meant enough to provoke the civil war. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War, but it further restored and attached ammunition facing the blazing subject of the western passage of slavery. The central issue that emerged out of the deal was this: How would slavery extend into these afresh gained half-million plots of land? “Many Northerners were unwilling to allow slavery to expand into much of the new territory, and this made many Southerners fear the eventual extinction of their slave-based society even where it existed. Thus, sectional tensions grew practically from the moment the treaty was signed, and the American victory over Mexico led directly to the Civil War” (Guardino, Peter, 361). At the time, the parity among North and South in Congress that was accomplished during the Missouri Compromise was nevertheless intact, but the area yielded to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo endangered to overthrow that balance. When California appealed for statehood in 1849, both the North and the South shuddered intensely that California would shift the stability in courtesy of the other. Southern concerns were so fervid that perils of secession if California were to be approved as a free state were apprehended. Following much consideration and support stretching from both fronts, the Compromise of 1850 was enacted. The Compromise of 1850 appeased the appetites of both the North and the South and was succeeded by what a lot of Americans regard to signify a “second era of good feelings.” Unparalleled disgruntling secession perils dwindled, and the American people wholeheartedly believed that time around that the trade-off would be ultimate.

Significant like the Missouri Compromise, the Compromise of 1850 was a perfunctory calm that only put off the dispute, just this time for a considerably shorter period. “After the suppression of the uprising, New Mexico remained under an effective military dictatorship for four years until the organization of a “territorial government authorized by Congress in the Compromise of 1850” (Daniel Howe, 2013). This delivers a way to specific understanding that slave-owning signified the fracture period that carried a torn county toward war. Economist Jeffery Rogers Hummel “Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men” gives an excellent assignment, diving inside the slavery era heading up toward the emancipation. The land that the United States acquired as a portion of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo obtained scarce thousand distances apart from the most proximate American city. Washington, worrying that its recently gained title might blunder within its claws, was prepared to promote adequate midpoints of commuting to this new region. Following various schemes of transcontinental roads were introduced and decided down, railroad promoters from both the north and the south proposed a trans-American railroad. In addition to promoting the population increase of the west, the track would inaugurate up the west and east to tremendous economic possibilities. As the project advanced, and an explicit expense was drafted up, it grew visible that simply one of those railroads could feasibly be established.

This scheme of the organization of the Nebraska Territory held abominated by the Southerners, who regarded it as a death verdict to the previously biased scale of power. The motion was presented by Stephan A. Douglas of Illinois, a sustained status champion of popular sovereignty, in the frame of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This Act summoned for the division of the Nebraska region into two separate areas: Kansas and Nebraska, furthermore that those two boundaries would be free to popular sovereignty in resolutions concerning the legalization of slavery. The rationale behind Douglas’ plan was that Kansas, outstanding west of slave state Missouri, would shift to a slave state and that Nebraska, due west of loose soil Iowa would convert to a free state. The Act blatantly disregarded the Missouri Compromise which prevented any slavery in the Nebraska region beyond the 36-degree 30-degree mark. “The manifest destiny that represented hope for white Americans thus spelled doom for red Americans. And it also lit a slow fuse to a powder keg that blew the United States apart in 1861” (McPherson, James, 46). The intense contest that necessitated as a sequence of the proposition was so coarse that it almost exploded into battle. Although encountering stiff resistance from the Northerners who persisted loyal to the Missouri Compromise agreements, Douglas was capable of pushing the proposal over to Congress, and it was legislated in 1854.

Conclusion

Based on the Kansas-Nebraska Act, these boundaries of Kansas and Nebraska were instantly sensitive to popular sovereignty, expressing that the broad citizens would decide and chose the destiny of slavery in their territory. Both abolitionists and proslavery organizations realized the opportunity that popular sovereignty offered. The entrance of extremists of both segments of the nation produced a ticking bomb that kept inching to destruction. The time rolled out in 1856 during a crowd of proslavery extremists stormed and initiated fire to an antislavery town. This little deed of destruction transpired the commencement of what would evolve into the American Civil War. 

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