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The Role of Nature in the Novel Frankenstein

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Nature in the novel is considered supreme. The characters must work with nature to be in peace, not against it. The interactions with nature that Victor and the creature have are more than just what they may appear to be to the reader at first glance. The interactions aren’t as simple as they look. Nature is almost like an extension of God to these characters. In one scene, Victor is strolling through the mountains and Victor describes the moment as though it is a spiritual experience. He says, “The weight upon my spirit was sensibly lightened as I plunged yet deeper in the ravine of Arve. The immense mountains and precipices that overhung me on every side, the sound of the river raging among the rocks, and the dashing of the waterfalls around spoke of a power mighty as Omnipotence…”

Nature helps Victor forget his problems for some time; it makes him feel calm and relaxed. Nature helps Victor find peace within himself. The creature also has a similar relationship with nature. Spending time in nature helps the creature feel more calm and relaxed. He doesn’t feel judged. Even though he is aware that he is a beast, he feels more accepted while in nature. When the creature is able to get ahold of Frankenstein, he shares his story. He tells him that the beauty of nature made him feel happy and the animals made him feel included in a world that wants nothing to do with him. He describes this as “I ventured to continue my journey after the sun had risen; the day, which was one of the first of spring, cheered even me by the loveliness of its sunshine and the balminess of the air. I felt emotions of gentleness and pleasure, that had long appeared dead, revive within me. Half surprised by the novelty of these sensations, I allowed myself to be borne away by them, and forgetting my solitude and deformity, dared to be happy. Soft tears again bedewed my cheeks, and I even raised my humid eyes with thankfulness towards the blessed sun, which bestowed such joy upon me.”

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Nature gave the creature a sense of happiness and pleasure that he never really experienced before in his life. He saw the spring season as a time of rebirth and beauty. Nature eased his loneliness. To both the characters, nature is an escape that is relaxing and pleasant.


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