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Over the years, non-governmental organizations have been seen as an important force since they have been at the front line in making critical decisions for the international community. The NGOs have been on the frontline in the protection of human rights and in the provision of essential services to the less fortunate members of the society. A majority of the poor who have been aided by the NGOs come from the developing world where the role of the organizations is undisputable.
The non-governmental organizations have worked hand in hand with nations in global governance and in facilitating sustainable human development to the most needy. The organizations have also worked with the world super-powers to provide support to the developing countries. The organizations have, in the modern world grown into more flexible, motivated bodies with decentralized structures where those who are different positions have the required skills and responsibility to undertake the role of decision-making in global governance. Even those who are decentralized to work in the developing world are in possession of the required skills in effective decision-making (Krut 10).
In the past decade, the non-governmental organizations have had their arena expanding rapidly from the local and national setting to the worldwide level where their roles have also increased simultaneously. Many organizations have assumed different roles at the international level due to the transformations that have been witnessed in the institutions. Historical records indicate that the non-governmental bodies have always been late-comers to the evolving system of leadership in the entire globe. The lack of good will by the NGOs in the past is not the case in the contemporary society. It is the same organizations that are now finding ways of influencing the international decision-making process that is linked with development issues (Krut10).
While other organizations have been on the spot for enjoying the benefits that come with global governance without any noticeable increase in social responsibility, most of the non-governmental organizations enjoy the power and freedom but they have good records of social responsibilities in the areas in which they operate. Researchers have noted that the NGOs will be the sector to correct the mess in the society where some international organizations do not recognize the need to assist those whom they are working around. There are hopes that the NGOs will continue acting as the role model to such organizations and correct the potentially harmful imbalance (Krut 12).
On the matter of imbalance in the roles of organizations and their social responsibility to the society, the non-governmental organizations are apparently very effective to correct the inequality. With the international records of NGOs assisting states in the development agenda, they are the most effective and trusted to make decisions that would be effective in eliminating the imbalance. Again, the NGOs have a record of retaining cohesion and moral authority due to their developed and planned system of leadership. It is the cohesion and moral authority that has a positive influence on the process of governance (Krut15).
The non-governmental organizations are, therefore, bodies that tend to influence the responsibilities that other organizations have, in a bid to sustain development in the developing world. The NGOs also exert pressure on nations to promote democracy in their leadership and in global governance. Most of the non-governmental organizations are noted to be started in the democratic countries, which are apparently the world super-power nations; hence, they have carried with them the culture of democracy in sustaining development in the underdeveloped world (Krut 45).
Although the non-governmental organizations have been influencing the decision-making process in the global governance, they still play visible roles in the developing countries. Their functions and responsibilities in the developing world have been significant in shaping our understanding of the developing countries and what it means to survive in the hostile environment. The NGOs have increasingly provided community services to the society without relying on the governments for any support. The services they provide are traditionally known to be provided by the governments in the developing world. Services such as provision of water and sanitary conditions are functions of the states yet the NGOs have been relentless in supporting communities (Betsill et al. 19).
In situations where some services are urgently required, the non-governmental organizations have made efforts to raise money in wealthy countries to assist the poor people in the developing world. It takes compassion for people from foreign nations to offer overwhelming support in other countries where they have no family relations or ties. While many people have questioned the responsibility of the NGOs, their work in the developing world is quite knowledgeable for learning purposes in institutions of higher learning. They promote the culture of development among students; thus, empowering the future global leaders (Betsill et al. 20).
Conflicts are known to be part of the governance of most nations globally as the government must be responsible to the people they serve. On the contrary, the non-governmental bodies are responsive to the wealthy donors who offer full support for the benefit of those who live in poor conditions in the developing world. The NGOs provide vital information to the donors on the less fortunate beneficiaries. It is the information that the NGOs forward to the donors that affect the kind of support they receive. The NGOs are, therefore, obliged to be honest in all situations to bring a solution to the problems that people in developing world go through (Williams 31).
The main aim of non-governmental organizations is to offer support to communities until the communities can be declared self-sufficient. The NGOs seem to be better than other development bodies in achieving the goal, but the dream has never been achieved in most of the developing nations. Poverty levels have continued to be on the increase due to many challenges that the communities face. For instance, corruption is a factor that prevents development despite the efforts that are made by the non-governmental bodies. Corrupt leaders utilize much resource; hence, encouraging poverty levels (Betsill et al. 25).
Very little resources are left for the ever growing population to fight for. The role of the NGOs in the developing world is, therefore, of significance in the understanding of how corruption restrains development agenda in the developing world. The comparison of how corrupt leaders scramble for the little resources that could be of help to the NGOs in supporting communities gives an insight of the major challenges in the under-developed world (Livernash 12).
There have been a few critics about the work of the non-governmental organizations, but up to now, there is no much questioning of their methods that they use to justify interventions. There are also a few questions that are raised concerning how they go about their humanitarian work in the developing world and how they decide to select certain areas. The few questioning is probably because of their history in efficient service delivery with very minimal conflict amongst their leaders. Their method of working in the developing world is informative on how to work in foreign soils with very minimal conflicts. Apart from working to assist the less fortunate members of the society in the developing countries, the work of the NGOs creates knowledge and distributes information about people, different projects that need to be carried out and the places that they explore in the developing world (Williams 31).
Research studies have revealed that most of the informative information that the developed world obtain about the developing countries is got through the NGOs. The non-governmental bodies, therefore, create a platform for scholars from the developed world to analyze the data and come up with better plans that could be of help in global governance. Governments in the developing world could also partner with the scholars from the developed countries to formulate better policies that are aimed at empowering their people (Eden 564).
For instance, the work of the non-governmental organizations in the world’s newest state; South Sudan, provides information that creates knowledge for and by water development agencies. The research done in South Sudan creates an understanding of the water problems in the country. The knowledge could be shared between the agencies and the government if at all the government is supportive. South Sudan is an example of a nation where organizations are willing to provide much support but the war conditions have rendered the situation hopeless for the citizens (Johnson 300).
The situation under which the non-governmental organizations work in the country provides knowledge on how war and political instability in the developing world hinders development activities from being implemented. Lack of political goodwill in the nation has led to reports of citizens starving to death at times of war and even others being rendered refugees in their country. Non-governmental organizations have been helpful in exposing some of the issues that may not be seen in the media (Johnson 309).
The NGOs working in one particular country still have an impact on globalization as they create knowledge that is internet suitable and different from those of the competitors. Internet suitable information refers to data that is visually enticing and empirically rich to provide a solution to a specific problem. The knowledge created in that particular nation in the developing world could be used to develop new approaches and theories that can be implemented at any part of the globe. The knowledge could also be helpful in developing new methods of studying globalization (Williams 31).
In an attempt to bring a solution to the global water problem, non-governmental organizations have tried to bring in a technocratic approach in solving the problem. NGOs have insisted on methods such as water augmentation/ rationalization to solve the issue. Some people argue that the approach of the NGOs to solve the water scarcity in some nations makes the water distribution appear uneven. The arguments laid against the NGOs stand on water problem may not be genuine since water problem is a factor that ought to be given the first priority without conflict (Eden 566).
The traditional governance system has been gradually weakened by globalization in the recent times. National governments have got their powers reduced by the increasing global economic integration while other economic and political actors have been granted access to the world stage. Non-governmental organizations and civil society groups various roles in governance as globalization is also increasing. The great public support for the NGOs make them the right stakeholders in the global governance platform (Gemmill et al. 79).
Research has it that allowing the active engagement of civil society in global supremacy was an important task to policymakers who were concerned with the effectiveness of global governance. Over time, there are strengthened roles for the civil society and the non-governmental organizations in global governance. For instance, the civil society has a responsibility of collecting and disseminating information, developing policies, carrying out assessment, and implementing the policies even as they advocate for environmental justice. However, the previous structures did not allow the civil society to fulfill their roles effectively as they took part in global governance (Gemmill et al. 82).
Civil society is composed of groups that are organized to advocate for human rights and carry out programs that are of significance in the society. Non-governmental organizations that take part in the environmental governance carry out almost the same function as the civil society. The groups participate in promoting a sustainable environment, eradicating poverty, and taking care of animal welfare. There is, therefore, the need for NGOs and the civil society to work together in global governance (Livernash 40).
Civil society is categorized into groups that deal with different agenda. For example, different groups have dealt with the issues revolving around women, children, farmers, and the non-governmental organizations as well. With the increasing number of organizations that are not funded by the government and the public participation in global governance, the various kinds of NGO participation have transformed the nature of international environmental policymaking. There is the need for meaningful stakeholders to be involved in policymaking and accomplishment in the non-governmental associations. The participation in global environmental governance, therefore, takes the same path as those of the civil society groups (Gemmill et al. 90).
In dealing with environmental challenges that the civil society is faced with, NGOs are helpful in expert advice and analysis where they can carry out negotiations by offering politicians access to competing ideas that are not found within the normal ceremonial channels. NGGOs are an intellectual competition to governments because of their improved analytical and technical skills. They also have the capacity to take action more quickly than government officials (Gemmill et al. 93).
The non-governmental organizations, on behalf of the civil society mobilize the opinion of the public where they influence the community by carrying out campaigns and broad outreach. Representing the voiceless in the society, NGOs vocalize the interests of various civil society groups that have not been represented well in policymaking. Even as they represent the voiceless in the society, they also carry out technical expertise on specific topics that government officials might need. The top management in NGOs also participates directly in operational activities (Gemmill et al. 99).
The non-governmental organizations monitor both the activities of the government and the civil society groups to come up with policies that would be helpful in strengthening international agreements. Alongside monitoring the international activities, the NGOs also broaden information base for easy decision-making; hence improved policy choices of international organizations.
Historical records indicate that the non-governmental organizations have been effective in highlighting environmental disparities. In an attempt to maintain the effectiveness strengthen the activities, reports have been issued in which people advocate for environmental justice. People have defended environmental rights that ought to be followed across the globe. The activities of the non-governmental organization have ever since improved as they have included dispute settlement mechanisms that are applicable in the entire world. The NGOs now have a system in which they can sue other bodies such as the government for causing harm to the environment.
Globalization has increased the performance of non-governmental organization since they carry out assessment and monitoring of the environmental conditions. Those who make international decisions are therefore held accountable for the decisions that are accomplished. The NGOs are also assessed and monitored to ensure their dependence of member states for resources in not exaggerated (Baylis et al. 80).
Non-governmental organizations are currently taking part in duties that are information based to improve the utility of information in global governance. The NGOs assist in the formation of networks by facilitating networks that are aimed at making policies for the marginalized groups in the developing world. There are also efforts by NGOs to agree to disagree on certain policies that may require proper analysis before the involved teams come to a consensus. Such activities lead to discussions that are prolonged, with multiple opinions being given for policymaking (Livernash 43).
Together with governments and firms, non-governmental organization and other firms are major actors in the global economy. There is a mutual relationship between the actors while NGOs mediate and moderate the activities of many firms and even the government. The relationship of the government, businesses and the NGOs has left scholars with work to do on how the firms and government should engage the NGOs. NGOs also play a role in addressing issues that have not been solved in the public and private sectors (Lewis 13).
While the NGOs are viewed as a third actor in the global economy, they are different from the government and firms because of the roles they perform and the goals they have in global governance. NGOs are very different from governments and firms as they do not concentrate on making profits while they carry out their duties. NGOs tend to focus more on humanity and the need for development across the globe. While governments and firms are intended to be of benefit to their people, NGOs seek to benefit the entire globe, especially the poor people in the developing countries (Lewis 15).
Apart from providing assistance to those who suffer from poverty in the developing world, non-governmental organizations act as humanitarians to government and big firms in the international community. By helping those who are affected by various calamities in the developing world, the NGOs have been trusted even more than the governments and large businesses. The NGOs are fully supported since they deliver support to people that even the government would not deliver (Lewis 16).
The public no longer have faith in the government because of the narrow socio-economic interest that it serves. The large firms are also viewed to be oriented to cater for the political and socioeconomic elites. In the developing world, people do not feel the representation of the government or big businesses. It is the NGOs that is trusted as the media is also viewed to be a propaganda machine. The NGOs, therefore, have a role to carry out since the interests of such people who live in the developing countries are represented to the international community. There are many challenges that face the NGOs while advocating for policies that would be of help to the poor people who are represented. Although people still trust the activities of the non-governmental organizations, failure to formulate important policies for the people could mean lack of trust from the people it represents (Lewis 20).
The NGOs responsibilities increase day by day since the needs of the people who no longer have trust in the government have to be fulfilled. It is the demands of the people that keep the organizations moving on the road even as they struggle to come to terms with the increased globalization. With much trust in the NGOs and the increasing global governance by the same bodies, Governments and large firms have made the NGOs their platform for promoting their agendas to the international community.
Some NGOs are either set up or funded by governments to promote their military, political, and economic agenda to the whole world and even back at home. The increased globalization, therefore, has led to NGOs having greater roles than the government and the big businesses in a country. According to the traditions, NGOs are a third party in the economy. The modern world and globalization seems to be transforming the idea as NGOs are rarely questioned at the international levels where they represent a certain group of people with special needs (Lewis 21).
The category of NGOs formed with the intention of presenting the agendas of large firms and governments are often characterized by corruption and questionable activities, just like most governments in the developing world are corrupt and unreliable. The few NGOs formed for the purpose of representing the governments and other bodies spoil the reputation that people already have for the non-governmental organizations. Activities such as illegal transfer of money and the creation of rebel groups are not the usual tasks that genuine NGOs carry out. As globalization has promoted the operations of NGOs, it also imposes challenges to the non-governmental bodies (Baylis 198).
With increased globalization, NGOs are being used as fronts for some agencies that are linked to billionaires who are greedy to secure market share around the world. Many of the NGOs who have been identified as fronts to agencies in the past were causing havoc in the world through the illegal transactions. The government of the United States and its allies has also used NGOs as fronts to bring to a stop the nuclear plants. The idea of using NGOs to stop nuclear plants was because of geopolitical considerations and partly because the contracts for products and services were not awarded to Western corporations (Baylis 199).
NGOs are also a very intelligent way to push forward the political, economic, and strategic agendas that appear to be for the good of the society. In a nutshell, most of the NGOs in the modern world carry out humanitarian duties that are aimed at improving the lifestyles of people living in the developing world. The few NGOs that are conduits for governments that seek to undermine another regime do not hold good intentions for the people but are for self gain.