The essay will highlight lifespan development theoretical approaches regarding children. I describe and evaluate the concept of neuroscience, and I will discuss emotionally, social development and I will link to Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. I will explain and assess three life experiences that can affect wellbeing and resilience. I will define what Nature Vs Nurture is, and I will relate to emotional, social development.
Neuroscience is the study of the humans and non-humans’ brain and nervous system. Brain ss one of the unknown organs in humans and animals’ bodies. Although on this in the 20th century, we find out more and more about human brain development and disorders. New neuroscience research let us find out more about broad range conditions like down syndrome, addiction, brain tumour, Parkinson’s diseases, epilepsy, autistic spectrum, the effects of stroke-like language loss, autistic spectrum. The better research’s and understanding of neurological factors can help to treat these health issues.
Humans are the most sensitive creatures on the planet. The first two years in a human’s life, the brain develops and grows the most, and the human being develops physically and mentally. New-borns learn from the environment around them. They are developing physically, cognitively, learning to talk and learns about emotions. Emotions are learned trough humans interactions with each other and the environment they grow to; Bronfenbrenner’s theory, suggest that the environmental experiences babies have as they grow and develop are essential influences in their emotional and social development. According to Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory, children typically find themselves encashed in different ecosystems, from the most private home ecological system to the more extensive school system, and then to the most comprehensive system which includes society and culture. Every single order is different every child case that what makes us unique and different. However, a recent book by psychologist and emotion researcher Lisa Feldman-Barrett, How Emotions Made, states that we are born with some emotions we are born, and they wired into our brains. Humans are the most emotionally regulated creatures on earth.
Three life experience that can affect wellbeing and resilience
One of the most common examples is that child abuse can take many forms it could be physical or emotional; it could happen to any child in any family in any environment or even online. Abuse can affect child development have adverse effects on a child’s health, even education. In later life, it adult who abused as children might have drug alcohol problems or drug issues. They can have trust issues they mind find it harder to cope with stress, get a good job believe themselves.
Another collective life experience is children who were experiencing the effects of parental alcoholism. Many people are dealing with alcoholism and drug addiction; it can affect their children. They might not see a good example when your young the ones who close to you is your most meaningful life’s teacher and examples; they might feel confused and self-conscious when they realize that drinking is not the norm in their friend’s families. If a child-parent were abuse whiles drinking or using other drugs, they might have trust issues can have angry questions constantly feeling unsafe. Children of alcoholic parent might think that they different than their classmate because of that they might have low self-esteem and that is why they might judge themselves and seek for other approval like teachers or other family members.
Children chronical lines might affect a child’s wellbeing and resilience. They experience physiological and physical stress. Chronic illness ad stress to the child and a child’s family at first, they start at a weight of a diagnosis followed by long-term stress. A child who has chronical lines might miss a class or cannot attend some clubs due to his lines it can affect the social development he might feel left out and different from other children. He can be on a specific diet and at a young age, do not have an understanding of why he cannot eat food that other children are eating. The way children live with their chronic illness depends on a specific disease, their family and child’s personality, although their understanding of illness changes with age and their stage of development.
The nature vs nurture is a debate about which behaviour or abilities we inherited from our families or witch one we learn from our environment or cultural backgrounds. Nature as what scientist thing is pre-wiring and genetic you already born with it. With that gender, with that kind of behaviour. Nurture is an influence in human’s life that family cultural backgrounds friends can impact your temperament your psychology. Is emotional development nature or nurture? Babies come to the world already knowing how to show their emotions and signal their needs by crying, showing their facial emotions or changing their body posture. However, with age, you can tell if a child might be born to be more emotional than other children. They might have prolonged-lasting emotional reactions; they might react harder to a smaller event. Alternatively, vice versa bore to be more inner and do not get upsets quickly tend to hide away; their emotions do not show it to everyone. As I mentioned before, Bronfenbrenner’s theory suggests that the nurture part plays a significant role in children’s development. Their family they group up with if there is a rough upbringing child abuse child might have trust, anger, fear issues. Their cultural background, religion, for example, professor Xinyin Chen from University of Western Ontario, Canada did research and states that Chinese and Korean children showed fearful and anxious reactions than Australian, Canadian and Italian children in a stressful situation. Chinese children also displayed more committed and internalized control or self-regulation on compliance and delay tasks than North American children in the early years. Alternatively, other life experiences like a child might be bullied at school or experienced a close family member lost it could affect their social, emotional development. They might have low self-esteem; they might feel lonely and unwanted they could be depressed. Every single child has a different nature, and different nurture every single one’s case is different; this is what makes us different and unique.
Lifespan development looks at how we change and grow from the early days as a baby to death. Our genetics nurture decides what we are getting from our parents, grandparents. Many factors can affect a child’s young adult development; some physical disease or physical deformations can be inherited genetically, lifestyle, environment and child’s life experiences can affect development as much as genetics. People are changing and growing every day and at any stage in life. One positive life experience or influence in a child’s life can help him to or her in the lifespan development journey. A never-ending rotation of importance makes psychologist study this fascinating topic called Lifespan development.
- Encyclopaedia on Early Childhood Development (2012) Culture