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Theory of knowledge

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“Those who have knowledge don’t predict. Those who predict don’t have knowledge” is famous quote divulged by- Lao Tzu, who was a 6th century BC Chinese poet. He was a very well known poet and is known for his work till today. He was a person whose aim in life was to seek answers to the questions regarding human and their existence in the universe. He always had the urge in him to know more and more about the relationship between humans and universe. Lao Tzu out of his principles and beliefs made a statement that: “those who have knowledge don’t predict. Those who predict don’t have knowledge.’’ Which actually holds great deal of relevance. It is very clear according to his statement that where there is knowledge there cannot be seen any sign of prediction and vice verse because knowledge is completely based on experiences, information and facts, on the other hand prediction is a forecast made about the inexperienced. But to explain this, one must know what is knowledge and prediction and how are they different from each other. What is knowledge? ‘Knowledge’ as the word itself reveals is the act of knowledge something. Knowledge cab be described as conscience, or comprehension of someone or something, like information, elucidation and skills, which are obtain with the help of daily life experience, education and learning. It is the combination of facts and features put together. It is pure and not based on any kind of guess work.

As Albert Einstein has rightly said- ‘’the only source of knowledge is experience.’’ Apart from this knowledge can be both theoretical as well as practical. Not only this, it can be about various subjects, people, places, religion etc. knowledge plays a very imperative role in shaping a person’s mind and ideas. A knowledge person has got completely different way of thinking and behaving than the person who doesn’t possess knowledge. What is prediction? Prediction, an expression derived from a Latin word, another name for which is assumption can be described as a forecast or prognostication made about future on basis of little information about the past and skills a person has. it can be regarded as estimation made about a certain person, place or thing and is not guaranteed to happen or to be true but can help to make plans and remain prepared in case it turns out to be true. For example –an investor, who invests money into certain financial devices to earn profit, is completely dependent on predictions and forecasts, which can be of great risk. But if he doesn’t fund his money into anything he would earn nothing. Thus, when he invests money in the financial markets, the investments are made at those places where he assumes and predicts that he might earn profit the same in future. But, the financial markets are unpredictable and the prediction of the investor might go wrong and he can face loss as well.

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Thus, it can be rightly said that where there is prediction, there is uncertainty. As J. Michael has appropriately quoted- ‘’The assumptions and truth, Dine at Totally Separate Tables” difference between knowledge and prediction. Knowledge is purely based on experiences and facts about which one has information. It tends to be factual and true. On the other hand prediction is just an assumption made about someone or something ( based on previous experiences) which might or might not turn out to be true. Moreover knowledge is close to reality and predictions are nowhere in proximity to reality, this gives rise to various questions like, why the people with knowledge may not make not make any kind of prediction and assumption? Are knowledge and prediction nowhere in relationship with each other? Let’s take various areas of knowledge (AOK) into consideration to understand and find answer to these questions. Area of knowledge- Human Science Human science is that branch which deal with social, cultural, physical, philosophical and biological aspects of human life. Further in human science doctors are the integral and imperative part of it as they deal with certain aspects of human biology. in each country there are several medical institution who are helping to provide good doctors. So, to become a doctor a person has to burn the midnight oil and thus, we can say that doctors are a package of knowledge and information and they make use of this attained knowledge and information to solve various biological and psychological problems of human. In this field there lies no place for predictions but knowledge. Suppose if a person has any kind of illness, a doctor will be able to cure and treat the patient only if he has knowledge about symptoms of various diseases. It is also said that a good doctor is one who has knowledge and the skills to understand and nurse the sufferer and his problem. Thus, in such a profession there stands no question of making predictions.

A doctor would never be able to catch the problems he doesn’t have sufficient amount of knowledge and information. Prediction or guesses are made only where there is no awareness and in human science might lead to risk. There also a counterclaim to this statement made by “Lao Tzu” in this area of knowledge because if we actually notice the doctors make prediction about certain diseases using their knowledge and skills when the patient visit them. A doctor always makes predictions regarding the illness and its cause. Thus, it can be said that predictions can be made using knowledge and information. Therefore, prediction can exist even where there is knowledge. Thus, from the above reasons we can conclude that to some extent in human science predictions do depends on knowledge to some extent and only in some particular situations. Tthe written from of language has helped to communicate the ideas and emotions really well. Is has helped to gives shape to the thoughts in the mind. As Samuel Johnson remarked- ‘’ Language is the dress of thought” Also the daily real life experiences helps better to understand and present the difference between knowledge and prediction. Area of knowledge- religion Religion can be described as a variety of belief and principles, grouped together, which are followed by a congregation of people. In world people hold different views about religion. In different countries these are number of religions which people follow. But, the question is that do people have knowledge of this or are they following it blindly? Well, the answer to this question must be partial. We can say that there is use of knowledge in portraying and presenting a religion. For example, we have religious books like ‘The bhagvad Geeta’,’The Ramayana’, ‘The Mahabharata’ etc and all these books are written by very well-known writers, such a Vyasa, Tulsidas, Kalidas, Valmiki, who had knowledge about various religion, gods and goddesses and the past. Through their writings They give us the evidence of those events in a factual as well as fictional form, which took place more than hundred years ago.

The people who wrote these books actually gained information and facts about various happenings and then complied a factual form of those events for us. Also, we have many spiritual speakers who convey a set of beliefs to the public. For example Dalai lama, a well known knowledgeable saint who preaches humanity and religion. He is able to preach because he as information about religion, deeds and humankind. Apart from this, we can also notice that there are some countries in the world which have colleges and schools that teach about religion. Thus, through the above discussion we can say that “religion” as an area of knowledge which make use of information and wisdom rather than mere and undetermined predictions. But, there is also another school of thought believes that “religion” is an area of knowledge which is completely based on predictions. For example the world widely known writers who wrote the holy books such as, Geeta, Ramayana, Mahabharata etc, have written these holy scriptures out of predictions and assumption on the basis of little information they had of past. It can be said so because they did not witness any of the events themselves. It is moreof that they have heard about certain happenings from their elders. Thus, one story has been written with two different perspectives. Because, nobody had the real knowledge of the events that took place centuries back. Also in religion these day “pundits” and “astrologers “play a major role, especially in India, who make prediction about people’s future. Their predictions might or might not turn out to be true, but there is a crowd which believe them. Thus, after all this we can say that religion is more about predictions rather than knowledge. Regarding the work of knowledge, it can be said that there is use of simple but effective language to convey the thought. Moreover, there has been use various quotations which acts as a crowning accomplishment for the ideas and perspectives. Apart from language, the daily life experiences play a great role in building up the thoughts and ideas. I would like to put to conclusion, that as every coin has two side in the same way the topic has two sides. I would like to put forward that from the above discussion to some extent we can say an area of knowledge make use of both knowledge and predictions. Sometimes, there are certain things which are based on pure knowledge, but there are times when we use knowledge, but there are times when we use knowledge for making predictions to help us in various subjects.

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