The Trade Union is an association of workers formed mainly for the purpose of protection and enhancing the socio-economic status of it’s members via collective action. The common feature of all unions is that the union is in theory of democratic institution. The ultimate power lies with membership as a whole. The legislation which regulates these trade unions is the Indian Trade Unions Act, 1926.
Trade unions have emerged along with the modern industrial development. Trade unions occupy a crucial place in the socio-economic and political transformation of a country. However, trade unions can contribute only if they are organizationally strong. Effective trade leadership is the crucial factor behind the growth, strength and effectiveness of the trade unions. Trade union is a by-product of Industrial Revolution. Before that, the production processes were not mechanised, since the skill of the worker was in high demand. It was not easy for the employer to lose a skilled craftsman, it was difficult to replace him. The employers and workers mutually depended on each other both in the small and cottage production, before the industrial revolution. After the industrial revolution, because of mechanisation, the individual skill of the worker was not considered very important.
In India, trade unions generally undertake the following functions:
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