Welfare Development in the United States

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“We should measure welfare’s success by how many people leave welfare, not by how many are added”- Ronald Reagan. Welfare is financial support giving to people in need. Welfare has been around since 27 B.C during the Roman Empire. Welfare has spread all over the world during the late 19th and 20th centuries. During the depression, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created a program that focuses on projects and working class people in need including the social security act in 1935.

Welfare has definitely helped so many people, especially in the black community. While Welfare is the last resort for people to go to, it is among the highest program in the U.S. There are several types of welfare; in other words Government Assistance there are: State Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), Family Planning, Medicaid, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Federal Work-Study, Federal Pell Grants, Earned Income Tax Credit (refundable component), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), Home Investment Partnerships Program (HOME), Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA), National School Lunch Program (free/reduced price components) , Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP), Higher Education Institutional Aid and Developing Institutions, Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR- UP), Developmental Disabilities Support and Advocacy Grants, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) (employment and training component), Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) (employment and training), Grants to States for Low-Income Housing in Lieu of Low-Income Housing Credit Allocations and the Social Security Act (SSI).

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The Social Security Act (SSI), Pell Grant, Medicaid, and SNAP are the most use programs in the U.S. The social security act (SSI) is used by senior citizens and people with disability with low income. Pell Grants are used for college students with low income. Medicaid is used for people with limited resources. SNAP is used to provide low income families with food coupons. People that are on SNAP are single mothers with e percentage of 58% of single mothers and/or fathers. Speaking on percentage, let’s look at the number: More than 20% of Americans in the United States received government assistance. 13% of college students who attends or attended a university or a community college received welfare benefits. African Americans are more likely to receive any kind of government assistance with 36%, Hispanics 15.7%, Asians with about 2.4% and Whites with 35%.

Moreover, the U.S spends a total of $927 billion with Social Security being $785 billion and Medicare $574 billion. That’s a lot of money and I’m not saying it’s being wasted but I believe not everybody that’s using government assistance is being honest about their situation that place them in there. Most people that are on welfare are in poverty, most notably black Americans. Welfare is a problem in America because while the benefits of welfare is low (an average person will receive an estimate of $400 a month) more people are in a crisis because of the decline of the economy which cause people to lose their jobs and people not having the educational qualities to find a job.

Also, welfare comes out of federal tax payers. 21% of tax payers money goes into funding the programs which outrage some people. In conclusion, welfare has some benefits for people in need and it has some negative effects, but at the end it all depends on how well we do in life. Retirement is fine because you hard from whatever work you do, therefore you is eligible to receive you social security but if you just live off welfare for the rest of your life purposely, just think about someone in need that really need it.

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