Firstly, this essay will focus on describing what is meant by e-learning, how this term of e-learning emerges in the new age of advanced technology, and from which stages it goes through. Secondly, the essay will address some major opportunities and challenges which are related to e-learning; and how institutions can gain benefit from e-learning in higher-level education.
Information technology (IT) is measured as one of the most important prerequisites for progress in all aspects of our lives. Nowadays most students because of their unlimited resources want to study online to get an education from universities and colleges across the world, but they can’t achieve their target because they live in inaccessible areas without a proper communication system. As a result, numerous analysts are advancing e-learning preparing courses because it spares time and vitality from the colleges or universities, they have selected for those understudies who live in farther districts. In any case, in most colleges and higher learning teach, acknowledgment of e-learning is developing around the globe. E-learning which is additionally known as web-based learning is characterized as the conveyance of instruction in an adaptable and simple way through the utilization of the web to back person learning or organizational execution objectives. In expansion, there are different sorts of e-learning frameworks such as slate and moment life. Stephan Tinschert et al. (2006) pointed out that the traditional style of training is declining down in the field of information technology (IT) in the modern era. As a consequence, web technologies can be successfully integrated into mixed learning, e-learning, and m-learning methods used in this online educational era. Ruttenbur et al (2000, p15) write that ‘Keeping up with new information and knowing how to use it are ‘mission-critical’ activities to businesses and individuals alike in a market where competition is no longer characterized by the big beating up the small, but rather by the fast running past the slow’. They also defined training and education as: ‘giving people the information and skills they need to compete effectively in the marketplace’.
Kenan et al (2015) E-learning has emerged from the growth of ICT as one of the educational outcomes. The general concept is basically training involving the use of any electronic device, from computers to mobile phones, and may or may not include internet (web sites + other applications) or intranet use (local network system). For example, e-learning could be provided via several resources computer software, and websites on the web. Moreover, other applications have been developed specifically for e-learning, such as Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs), which provide the user or the learner with numerous facilities like comfortable access to learning materials, communication with lecturers. The VLE offers a versatile learning experience, as it is available anywhere and at any time (Ridgewan Khan and Faysal Ahmed, 2013). There are many writers who view e-learning positively. One such example is Stephan Tinschert et al, who defines e-learning as ‘the use of networked software to allow the revolution’. Stephan Tinschert et al suggest that e-learning would play a critical role in transforming our way of working and living. Stephan Tinschert et al. and others (2006).
Ridgewan Khan and Faysal Ahmed, (2013) E-learning is a versatile medium in which it eliminates a person’s obstacles such as age, location, experience, traditions, and values. E-learning has given a new dimension to improving the quality of the information in today’s education system. We are living in a globalized age in which everyone uses the internet massively. That is why the education sector aims to develop its quality across the web, which links distance learning with their learning material. Donna j. Abernathy quoted “online learning is not the next big thing; it is the new big thing”. E-learning focuses on the interaction among teachers, learners, and the online environment. The e-learning prospects are obviously bright and many because technologies, software, and standards provide educators with a total commitment environment to study isolate and report on it with the best methods with all advances.
The European Commission (2001) elaborate e-learning such as: “The usage of new multimedia technologies and the Internet to develop the quality of learning and teaching by easing access to facilities and services in addition to remote exchanges and collaboration” (The European Commission, 2001). The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) gives a similar definition in 2003, defining e-learning as ‘learning facilitated and supported through using the information and communications technology (ICT)’ (JISC, 2003). Similarly, Aziah & Marzuki (2005) suggested that e-learning is the instruction on a computer via a CD-ROM, internet, or intranet with the following qualities:
• Providing material related to the learning objective; using instructional methods to facilitate learning, including examples and practices; using media elements such as words and pictures to transport and distribute the co-learning Aziah & Marzuki (2005).
To sum up, the reach of e-learning is significantly increased by new technologies, including computer networks, interactive media, digital technologies, and the internet. It promotes and enables interaction and collaboration between students and their teachers at any time, and it has opened up a universal market. E-learning programs have therefore attracted many organizations and the e-learning market has grown rapidly. Industry analysts estimated the size of the e-learning industry in the United States alone at $3 billion in 2003; the estimate rose to approximately $15 billion by 2005, $18 billion by 2010, and is expected to reach $24 billion by 2015. It also offers access to online resources, databases, newspapers, magazines, and other materials. If a student has difficulty understanding any of the coursework, obtaining tips on the subject could not be easier than having immediate access to additional, unlimited, and mostly free online content. Such apps will theoretically increase the amount of time spent learning rather than looking for information; this is the first advantage of e-learning. There are also several benefits such as the cost of training; the speed of using the packages of education quicker without waiting for a representative of training. It can also provide immediate feedback on the practice. This suggests that e-learning provides a wide range of opportunities that need to be explored, and therefore the suggestion is that e-learning can be described in three different domains.
Many researchers in this area have concluded that the abstract definition of the term e-learning applies to distance education and online education.E-learning is a web-based payment service.Some writers have highlighted that the facilities offered via the Learning Management Systems (LMS) exemplify a second e-learning big success. The LMS proposal is an extensive set from the options and communication tools to service the lecturers and their students’ interactions and implement daily activities that help improve the learning process.
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